Kerala Floods Current Affairs - 2019
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The amicus curiae Jacob P. Alex appointed by the Kerala High Court to assist it in flood-related cases has submitted the report to the Kerala High Court. The report makes the following observations:
- The sudden release of water simultaneously from different reservoirs during the heavy rain in August 2018 had aggravated the damage during the floods.
- High reservoir storage and sudden release of water had resulted in worsening the floods.
- It appeared that dams in the State did not have an effective flood control zone and flood cushions. The flood cushion or flood control zone is a temporary storage space for absorbing high flow for alleviating downstream flood damage.
- None of the 79 dams in the State were operated or used for the purpose of flood control and moderation, despite the obligation to utilise them for flood control as per the stipulations under the National Water Policy, National Disaster Management Authority guidelines on the flood.
- Various alerts (blue/orange/red) were issued not in accordance with the EAP (Emergency Action Plan) guidelines.
- No proper follow-up action and effective precautionary steps, especially for evacuating people and accommodating them in safe locations, were taken after the issue of red alert.
- None of the dams had EAP (Emergency Action Plan) despite the mandate of the National Disaster Management Authority to have it by 2009.
- Most of the major reservoirs were almost full before the extreme rainfall and they did not have the capacity to accommodate the additional flow, compelling the authorities to release a substantial amount of water from reservoirs in a short span of time at the peak of the rainfall.
- Almost all dams released water only after the water level crossed the FRL (Full Reservoir Level) or reached the MWL (maximum water level).
- Dam managers should not have solely relied on the IMD prediction for dam management and variation in India Meteorological Department forecast could not be a justification for delayed release of water from dams.
Emergency Action Plan
Emergency Action Plan is a written document prepared by the dam operator and it contained plans to prevent or lessen the impact of a failure of the dam or appurtenant structure.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi attended the 50th Raising Day celebrations of Central Industrial Security Forces (CISF), at Indirapuram in Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh.
Lauding the role of CISF in building New India by providing security to the vital institutions of the country, Prime Minister suggested the idea of starting digital museums at airports and metros, showcasing the work of CISF.
Central Industrial Security Forces
Central Industrial Security Forces (CISF) came into existence in 1969 with three battalions, to provide integrated security cover to the Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) which, in those years, occupied the commanding heights of the economy.
Over the years CISF has grown several folds to reach one lakh forty-eight thousand and three hundred seventy-one personnel today.
With the Indian economy opening up for globalisation, CISF is no more a PSU centric organisation. It has carved a niche for itself as a premier multi-skilled security agency of the country, mandated to provide security to major critical infrastructure installations of the country including those in the private sector.
Together with manning critical and vital installations of the country, CISF has also emerged as a force to reckon during disasters. CISF had played a key role during the during Kerala floods and also during Nepal and Haiti earthquake.