Krishna River Current Affairs - 2020
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The Archaeological Survey of India has discovered the remains of huge settlement during its first phase of excavation at Gottiprolu near Naidupeta, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh. It has uncovered a mass settlement that was surrounded by a massive brick enclosure
- The experts unearthed the Hindu god, Lord Vishnu sculptures and wide variety of pottery of early centuries of current era
- The site lies on the bank of Swarnamukhi river
- Drone images and topographical studies helped in identifying the settlement that is surrounded by a fortification. The fortification was evident in the southern and eastern sides while its other arm seems to have been leveled due to modern settlements
The Brick Enclosure
- The massive brick enclosure is the outstanding discovery of the excavation. The bricks are baked and exposed to a length of more than 75 metres with average width of 3.4 metres. They rise to a height of 2 metres and run in a curvi linear pattern
- The Archaeologists also discovered a rectangular brick tank exposed near the inner lining of the curved brick structure
Period of the excavations
- The brick sizes are comparable with the Satavahan period structures in the River Krishna valley
- Based on the brick sizes, the period of excavations are placed between 2nd and 1st century BC. They are around 2000 years old
- A female terracotta figurine with two hands lifted upwards was also retrieved.
- Interesting pottery were also found. There were conical jars that are widely distributed in Tamil Nadu and are considered to be imitated variety of Roman Amphorae jars.
- A series of broken terracotta pipes fitted into one another were also revealed. It proves that the period had a good drainage system.
The presence of these jars prove that it was an important trade centre of the period. Also it implies that liquid commodities were transported as amphorae wares are often used to carry liquid items. Also, the site’s proximity with the sea coast suggests that it could have serves as a strategic settlement involved in maritime trade.
- The tools found were made of stones
Tags: Amaravati capital of Satavahanas in the 2nd Century • Andhra Pradesh [APPSC] • Archaeological Sites • Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) • ASI
Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu laid foundation stone to develop Muktyal to Vijayawada waterway stretch on River Krishna as part of National Waterway 4 at Amaravati in Andhra Pradesh.
The 82-km inland waterway stretch is Phase-1 of National Waterway-4 developed under Sagar Mala project. It will be used mainly for transportation of cement and construction material for new capital city Amaravati.
National Waterway 4
NW-4 in Andhra Pradesh has total length of 2890 km. It is proposed to be developed in three phases viz. Phase-I: Muktyala to Vijayawada (Krishna River) (82 Km), Phase-II: Vijayawada to Kakinada (Eluru canal & Kakinada canal) and Rajahmundry to Polavaram stretch of Godavari (233 Km) and Phase-III: Commamur Canal, Buckingham canal and balance stretches of Krishna & Godavari Rivers (573km)
In Phase I, three cargo terminals are proposed to be built at Muktyala, Ibrahimpatnam and Harishchandrapur. Besides, four Passenger Terminals will be built at Durga Ghat, Bhawani Island, Vedadari, and Amravati. The Phase I work is expected to be completed by June, 2019.
Significance of NW 4
The project will provide efficient logistics solution to boost economic growth of region. It will facilitate development of new capital city Amravati during its early development stage by transporting substantial construction material.
It will also help in controlling traffic congestion and pollution. It will help in saving cost of transportation. Moreover, Ro-Ro services on the route will provide intra-city transportation of passengers and vehicles. It will improve connectivity to tourist and pilgrimage places in and around Vijayawada and Amaravati.