Kutch Current Affairs - 2020

April 9: CRPF Valour Day

Every year, April 9 is being marked as CRPF Valour Day all over India. The day is also called “CRPF Shaurya Diwas”.

Why Valour Day?

A small contingent of the CRPF on April 9, 1965 fought against Pakistan in Rann of Kutch eliminating 34 Pakistan soldiers. This was the first time a full-fledged infantry brigade fierce fully and successfully fought against the Pakistan army. During this battle, six CRPF men lost their lives. In order to pay tribute to these brave men, the Valour Day is being marked every year.

Achievements of CRPF

The CRPF personnel guarded India-Pakistan border till 1965 after which the border security force was created. The CRPF killed all the 5 terrorists who attacked Indian Parliament in 2001. Currently, the counter insurgency operations in India are being undertaken by CRPF personnel. In 2008, a CRPF wing called Commando Batallion for Resolute Action was created to counter Naxalite movement in the country.

International Missions

The CRPF were deployed in Sri Lanka for peace keeping actions. They have been deployed in Maldives, Somalia, Namibia, Haiti as a part of UN Peace keeping mission. Under Haiti Mission, they helped to contain political stability in the country. A fully formed Female Police Unit was deployed under Liberia Mission in 2007.

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What is Sir Creek Issue between India and Pakistan?

Recently at the WION’s Global Summit held in Dubal, the Pakistan representative, Minister Kasturi recalled Sir Creeek Pact. The summit was organized under the theme

Theme: Navigating and Negotiating Global Imperatives

What is Sir Creek issue?

The issue between India and Pakistan over Sir Creek is the interpretation of boundary between Sindh and Kutch. The region was under the jurisdiction of Bombay Presidency during British rule. After independence, Kutch came under India and Sindh under Pakistan. But Pakistan claims entire creek as per the agreement signed between Rao Maharaj of Kutch and Government of Sindh in 1914.

India’s claims

India does not agree to the claims of Pakistan as when the issue arose, in 1908, the entire region of the Creek was under Bombay Presidency. India also cited an International Maritime Law, the Thalweg Doctrine to prove its point

Thalweg Doctrine

The Doctrine states that river boundaries between two states or countries shall be divided in the middle of the water body, if the body is navigable through out the year.

What is Sir Creek?

Sir Creek is a 96-km long water strip in the marshlands of Rann of Kutch. It was earlier called Ban Ganga. Later it was named after Sir Creek, a British representative to India. The Creek opens into Arabian Sea.

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