Land Degradation Current Affairs - 2020

June 17: World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought

Every year, the United Nations observes World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought on June 17. This year, the day is observed under the theme

Theme: Food, Feed Fibre-The links between consumption and land

Highlights

The World Day to combat Desertification and Drought is observed focusing on changing public attitudes towards land degradation and desertification.

Significance

As the global population is growing and the world becoming wealthier, there is more need for land for food, clothing and animal feed. According to the United Nations, the world population is to reach 10 billion by 2050. In order to fulfil the needs of such huge population an additional 593 million hectares of agricultural land is needed by 2050 as compared to 2010 levels. This is twice the area of India.

On the other hand, the heath and productivity of the land is declining due to climate change. Thus, the World Day o Combat Desertification and Drought is to focus on educate the individuals about reducing the impacts that lead to land degradation.

Background

The day was proclaimed by the United Nations in 1995 after the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification was drafted.

Sustainable Development Goals

The 2030 Agenda for SDG includes to protect the Earth from degradation. The SDG 15 aims to halt and reverse land degradation.

May 22: International Day for Biological Diversity

Every year, on May 22, the International Day for Biological Diversity is marked by the United Nations. The day highlights the biodiversity issues.

This year, the day is being celebrated under the theme

Theme: Our Solutions are in nature

Significance of the theme

The theme emphasizes on solidarity, hope and importance of working together to build future of life in harmony with nature.

Background

The resolution to celebrate the day was adopted in 1992. The day was initially celebrated on December 29 till 2000 starting from 1993. It was marked on December 29 to celebrate the Day the Convention on Biological Diversity came into effect. It was later shifted to May 22 to commemorate the adoption of convention at Rio Earth Summit.

Sustainable Development Goals

The say falls under the ambit of SDG Goals of the UN after United Nations 2015 development agenda of SDG. Through this the day addresses larger concerns such as sustainable agriculture, health, land degradation, desertification, energy, etc.