Languages Current Affairs - 2019
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National Hindi Divas (हिंदी दिवस) is observed every year on 14 September in Hindi speaking regions of India and other countries with Hindi speaking population. Observance of this day aims to propagate Hindi language and its cultural heritage and values. It also seeks to promote Hindi as matra bhasha (mother tongue) of India and show its importance as a language in country and world at large.
On this occasion, President Ram Nath Kovind presented Rajbhasha awards for Year 2016-17 at Rashtrapati Bhawan. These awards were instituted by Department of Official Language of Union Home Ministry to recognize excellent contribution of Ministries, Departments and Nationalized Banks in field of Hindi.
National Hindi Divas
Hindi Divas is celebrated to mark adaptation of Hindi language as the official language of India by the Constituent Assembly of India on 14 September 1949. The decision of using Hindi as official language was ratified by Constitution of India which came into effect on 26 January 1950. Under the Article 343 of Indian Constitution, Hindi written in Devanagri script was adopted as the official language. But presently, there are 2 official languages: Hindi and English.
Hindi is one of the main languages of India and is spoken by around 40% of the Indian population. It belongs to Indo-Aryan branch of Indo-European language family. As per 2011 census, 43.63% of Indians speak Hindi as their mother tongue i.e. around 258 million people. It is native language for most people living in Hindi belt of North India comprising Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Chandigarh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan and Chhattisgarh. It is also spoken in many countries of the world including Pakistan, Mauritius, Trinidad, Surinam etc. Outside Asia, Hindi is official language in Fiji along with other two official languages, namely English, Fijian. The dialect of Hindi spoken there is known as Fiji Hindi or Fiji Baat.
Mauritius is going to host 11th World Hindi Conference (विश्व हिंदी सम्मेलन) in its capital city Port Lois from August 18-20, 2018. It will be organised by Ministry of External Affairs (MEA), Government of India in association with Government of Mauritius. The theme of the Conference will be “Vaishvik Hindi Aur Bharatiy Sanskriti“.
The conference is aimed at providing common platform to several Hindi scholars, writers and laureates from different parts of the world to contribute the language. Its venue will be Swami Vivekanand International Convention Centre, Pailles Mauritius. The conference will cover both classical and modern elements of Hindi and will see participation delegates and scholars of Hindi from all over the world.
World Hindi Conference
The World Hindi Conference is major event organised every three years by MEA to increase the popularity of Hindi globally. The first conference was held from 10 to 12 January 1975 in Nagpur, Maharashtra and was inaugurated by then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. Since then, ten such Conferences have been held in different parts of world. In the first conference, then Prime Minister of Mauritius Seewoosagur Ramgoolam was Chief Guest and it was attended by 122 delegates from 30 countries. In remembrance of the first conference, every year 10th January is being observed as World Hindi Day. The 10 edition of World Hindi Conference was held in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh (India) in 2015 with the theme of “Hindi Jagat-Vistar and Sambhavnaye”.