Latin America Current Affairs - 2020

Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link

Colombia Government, FARC rebels sign revised Peace Agreement

Colombian Government has signed revised peace agreement with the country’s largest rebel movement, Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC).

The revised document was signed between President Juan Manual Santos and FARC leader Rodrigo Londono in Bogota, capital city of Colombia.

This is the second attempt undertaken by Colombian Government to end Latin America’s longest-running conflict (civil war) which has killed 220000 people. The previous deal singed September 2016 was rejected narrowly by the Colombian people in a popular vote held in October 2016.

The revised agreement will be submitted to Colombian Congress for approval, rather than put to a popular vote. It would not form a part of the Colombia’s constitution.

Key Facts

  • Within 90 days of approval of  revised agreement, FARC rebels will lay down their arms. Within five months they are required to completely surrender all weapons to the UN.
  • Under the new deal, rebels will have to declare their assets. The money will be used for reparation payments to victims of the conflict.
  •  However, the new agreement has not ban rebels from holding public office or includes jail terms.

Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in October 2016 for his efforts to end the war.

Background

The civil war in Colombia is one of the longest civil wars in modern times and the sole remaining armed conflict in the South America. The five decade long civil war has cost the lives of at least 220 000 Colombians and internally displaced close to six million people. It was started in the 1960s as a rural uprising for land rights by FARC as communist-inspired guerrilla movement inspired by Cuban Revolution. The main aim of FARC was to reduce the gulf dividing rich and poor and land reform for equality in the Andean country. The conflict has drawn in various leftist rebel groups, drug gangs and right-wing paramilitaries over the decades. However in recent times, the FARC had shifted from their original ideology and were active in illegal drug trade, kidnapping and extortion activities.

Get these updates on Current Affairs Today Android App

Colombia, FARC sign Historic Pact ending 52-year Civil War

The Colombian Government and left-wing FARC (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia) rebels have signed a historic agreement that formally brings an end to 52 years of civil war.

The agreement was signed by President Juan Manuel Santos and rebel leader Timoleon Jimenez, known as Timochenko at the ceremony in Cartagena.

Key Facts

  • Under the deal, the FARC will be relaunched as a political party and will be able to contest elections scheduled to be held in October 2016.
  • The agreement comes after four years of talks between President Santos and Timochenko in Havana, Cuba.

Significance of Agreement

The agreement brings end Latin America’s longest-running conflict (civil war) which has killed 260,000 people and left six million internally displaced. Now as part of the deal FARC rebels must hand over weapons to the United Nations within 180 days.

About Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC)

  • FARC is Colombia’s largest rebel group and Latin America’s oldest left-wing insurgency.
  • It was established in 1964 as a communist-inspired peasant army fighting to reduce the gulf dividing rich and poor and land reform for equality in the Andean country.
  • Since its formation it was also active other Latin American countries in Venezuela, Panama and Ecuador besides Colombia.
  • In recent times, the FARC had shifted from its original ideology and was active in illegal drug trade, kidnapping and extortion activities.

Get these updates on Current Affairs Today Android App