Law Commission of India Current Affairs - 2020

22nd Law Commission of India approved by the Union Cabinet

On February 19, 2020, the Union Cabinet approved the 22nd Law Commission of India. The commission has been approved for a period of three years.

Highlights

The 22nd Law Commission will consist of a full time Chairperson. It has four full time members. Also, secretaries from Department of Legal Affairs and Legislative department.

Law Commission of India

It is a non-statutory body that is constituted by the GoI from time to time. It was constituted in 1955 for the first time. Since then it has been reconstituted for every 3 years. So far, the Law Commission of India has submitted 277 reports.

Benefits

The Law Commission will make recommendations based on the aspects of laws entrusted upon it. It will undertake research works and suggest reforms that are essential to enact new legislations.

Functions

The functions and objectives of the Law Commission are as follows

  • To identify laws that shall be repealed immediately
  • To examine the current laws in force and suggest ways to improve them
  • To respond to requests made by other countries in framing their legal system
  • To make measures that shall help to serve the poor legally
  • To revise laws to simplify them.

Assisted Reproductive Technology Bill approved by Union Cabinet

On February 18, 2020, the Union Cabinet approved the Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) bill. The bill proposes to establish a national registry.

Highlights

The bill aims at setting up of a national board and as state board to implement a legal framework. The bill also proposes to establish a central data base of banks and clinics all over the country. It will help in identifying people that are involved in illegal embryo sale and trafficking.

Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART)

The ART is used to treat infertility. The technology works to remove an egg from a woman’s body and fertilize it with a man’s sperm to make an embryo.

Need

India has become a surrogacy hub for foreign couples. Also, there are unethical practices that need to be brought under legislation. The 228th report of LCI (Law Commission of India) recommended for suitable legislation towards the ART practices being followed in the country.