LCA-Tejas Current Affairs - 2020

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200 fighter jets to be acquired by Indian Air Force

The Government of India will acquire around 200 aircrafts. Of these 200, 83 fighter jets are LCA Tejas Mark 1A and are to be procured from HAL. The rest are to be procured based on Request for Proposals.

Highlights

The design of the fighter jets was finalized by HAL (Hindustan Aeronautics Limited). HAL will start manufacturing 8 LCA (Light Combat Aircraft) Tejas Mark 1A per year and will slowly increase the count to 16 per year. The LCA Tejas recently became the first indigenously made aircraft to make arrested landing on INS Vikramaditya.

LCA Tejas

The LCA Tejas was designed by HAL (Hindustan Aeronautics Limited) and ADA (Aeronautical Development Agency) in 1980s. It replaced India’s MiG-21. So far, LCA Tejas is operating only in India. However, Egypt and Sri Lanka have shown interests in the aircraft. This will help India achieve its Defence exports targets of Rs 35,000 crores by 2024.

India has plans exports Tejas Mark 1A and not its advanced version Tejas Mark 2.

Tejas Mark 2

Tejas Mark 2 has increased internal fuel capacity of 3.3 tonnes. Also, it is equipped with an artificial intelligence-based cock pit that is optimally manned. It has provisions for the ground stations to take control when the pilot falls unconscious or is injured. The alert signals of unconsciousness of the pilot will be generated by his helmet.

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LCA Tejas: The First Indigenous Aircraft to make an arrested Landing

On January 11, 2020, the Light Combat Aircraft (LCA), Tejas successfully landed on INS Vikramaditya. With this achievement, the LCA becomes the first aircraft to make an arrested landing on a naval ship.

Highlights

The DRDO (Defence Research Development Organisation) made LCA became the first indogenously made aircraft to land on an aircraft carrier. This makes India enter a select group of nations in the world to develop aircrafts that are capable of landing and taking off from an aircraft carrier deck, that is barely 200 metres wide. The elite countries that hold this capability includes US, China, UK, Russia and France.

The regular LCA demands 1 km of run way to make its landing. However, recently developed naval variant is capable to make its landing in a far less landing space, 100 metres and take off space of 200 metres.

Indian Military Aircrafts

Today, the Indian Air Force is operating Mirage-2000, HAL Tejas LCA, MIG 21, Sukhoi-30 MKI, MiG-27, SPECAT Jaguar and Rafale. The Tejas LCA was developed by HAL in the 1980s by borrowing technologies from Russia, France and Russia. The plan was to replace the ageing Soviet Union sourced MiG-21.

The step is important for India to encounter Chinese increased presence in the Indian Ocean Region. This will also help India achieve its Defence target of Rs 35,000 crore by 2024.

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