LCA-Tejas Current Affairs

Tejas: Indigenous fighter aircraft commences operations from Sulur Air Force Station

Indigenous fighter aircraft Tejas of No 45 Squadron (The Flying Daggers) of Indian Air Force (IAF) has formally commenced operations from Sulur Air Force Station in Tamil Nadu. With deployment of Tejas, its squadron ‘Flying Daggers’ took up active wartime role towards safeguarding national skies.

Key Facts

Southern Air Command (SAC) based at Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala has been entrusted with responsibility of integrating Tejas fighter aircraft in IAF’s Concept of Operations. It has been involved in training aircrew of fighter aircraft Tejas. Sulur Air Force Station will now undertake operations and maintenance of the indigenous fighter aircraft.

Tejas figher aircraft

Tejas is the first advanced fly-by-wire Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) designed, developed and manufactured indigenously by state owned Hindustan Aeronautical Limited (HAL). It is lightweight single-seat multi-role jet fighter. It has been pegged as world’s smallest and lightest supersonic fighter. It is powered by a single engine. It has tailless and compound delta wing design.

It was developed and manufactured under Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) programme, which began in the 1980s to replace India’s ageing MiG-21 fighters. It is equipped with satellite-aided Inertial Navigation System. It has digital computer-based attack system and autopilot mode. It can fire Air to Air missiles, carry bombs and precision guided ammunition. It has limited reach of a little over 400-km. It will be mainly used for close air-to-ground operations.

Note: LCA Tejas is not India’s first indigenous fighter to be inducted into IAF. In April 1967, IAF had formed the first operational squadron with the indigenous HF-24 Marut fighter.


LCA Tejas successful test fires Derby air-to-air beyond visual range missile

Indigenously developed light combat aircraft (LCA) Tejas successfully fired Derby air-to-air beyond visual range missile (BVRM) off the Goa coast. The successful test demonstrated its overall capability as effective supersonic combat jet. It also expands firing envelope as well demonstrated safe operation of Tejas during missile plume ingestion into aircraft engine under worst case scenarios. It will also enable its developers state-run HAL and Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) inch closer to final operational clearance (FOC).

Derby BVR missile

Derby is short to medium range BVR Air-to-Air missile. It is a dual-use missile (air-to-air and surface-to-air).It is developed jointly by Israeli armament development agency Rafael and Israel Aircraft Industries MBT. It has maximum effective range of about 50 km.

The missile weighs around 118 kg light and is 3.8 metres long. Its weight allows it to be adapted to various modern fighter aircraft. It is active radar air-to-air missile for fighter aircraft and has capability to be launched at target day or night and in all weather conditions. It has look-down and shoot-down capability, fire and forget mode and advanced Electronic counter countermeasures (ECCM) tailored to customer’s operational requirements.