Left Wing Extremism Current Affairs - 2020

CCEA approves Road Connectivity Project for Left Wing Extremism affected areas

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved Road Connectivity Project for Left Wing Extremism (LWE) Affected Areas to improve rural road connectivity in worst LWE affected districts critical from security and communication point of view.

The project will be implemented under Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) to provide all weather road connectivity in 44 worst affected LWE districts and adjoining districts.

Key Facts
  • The Union Ministry of Rural Development will be the implementing Ministry as well as sponsoring Ministry of this project during implementation period four years from 2016-17 to 2019-20.
  • The fund sharing pattern of LWE road project will be same as that of PMGSY i.e. in the ratio of 60:40 between the Centre and States for all States.
  • However the ration will be 90:10 for eight North Eastern and three Himalayan States (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir & Uttarakhand).

About Road Connectivity Project for LWE Affected Areas

  • This project is envisaged in LWE States including the 35 worst affected LWE districts which account for 90% of total LWE violence in the country.
  • The all-weather roads taken up under this scheme includes Other District Roads (ODRs), Village Roads (VRs) and upgradation of existing Major District Roads (MDRs) that are critical from security point of view.
  • Besides, bridges up to a span of 100 meters which are critical from security angle will also be funded on these roads. The National Highways and the State Highways are excluded from this project.
  • The roads to be constructed under this project have been identified by Union Ministry of Home Affairs in close consultation with the State Governments and the security agencies.

About Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)

PMGSY is Centrally Sponsored Scheme launched in 2000 with the objective to provide all-weather road connectivity to all eligible unconnected habitations in rural areas of the country. The programme envisages connecting all eligible unconnected habitations with a population of 500 persons and above (as per 2001 Census) in plain areas and 250 persons and above (as per 2001 Census) in Special Category States, Desert Areas (as identified in Desert Development Programme), Tribal (Schedule-V) areas and in Select Tribal and Backward Districts (as identified by the Union Ministry of Home Affairs/Planning Commission).

Union Government to redraw Red Corridor

The Union Government is planning to redraw Red Corridor by reducing the number of Maoist (LWE: Left wing extremism) affected districts by about a fifth.

In this regard, approximately 20 of the 106 districts which have been described as being Maoist-affected and are part of the Red Corridor may be removed from the list.

Consequences: Once these districts are taken off the list of Red Corridor, the financial aid made available to these districts annually for various developmental works will dry up.

Key facts

  • The Red Corridor is a region in the eastern part of India that experiences considerable Naxalite–Maoist insurgency.
  • There are 106 districts spanning across 10 States in the Red Corridor.’ Of these, 44 districts are worst-affected.
  • These 10 states are Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Telangana, Odisha, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh.
  • Union Government adds districts into Red Corridor by taking into considerations (i) Their violence profile. (ii) Assessment of logistical and other support provided to armed Maoist cadres by their sympathisers and ground worker (iii) Positive changes brought about by development work that these districts have seen.