Legislative Council Elections Current Affairs - 2020

Maharashtra CM Uddhav Thackeray to enter Legislature: The Constitutional Features

Mr Uddav Thackeray is the current Chief Minister of Maharashtra.

Article 164

The Article 164 of the Constitution provides every provision for a Chief Minister of a state. According to the article, any person who has the support of majority of the elected members of the legislative assembly shall be appointed as the CM by the governor of the state. In this case, if the person is not the member of the legislative assembly, or if he has lost the general election, he can still be appointed as the CM provided he has the support of majority of the members. However, he has to win an election within 6 months.

The Current Scenario

Mr Thackeray is to enter the state Legislature through Legislative Council. He is not a Member of the Maharashtra State Legislative Assembly. However, he was sworn in as the CM of Maharashtra on November 28, 2019 as he earned the support of majority of elected members of the State Legislature. Now he has time till May 27, 2020 to win any of the elections of state legislature.

Legislative Council

The Election Commission on the request made by the Maharashtra Governor BS Koshyari is to conduct Maharashtra Legislative Council Election.

Article 169

The Article 169 provides the features of a legislative council. One-third of the members of LC are elected through local body election such as Gram Panchayat, district councils, municipalities, etc. One-third are elected by members of State Legislature. One sixth are nominated by the Governor. One twelfth are elected by persons that are engaged in teaching professions such as universities, colleges, high schools for at least three years.

ECI to conduct biennial election to Maharashtra Legislative Council

On May 1, 2020, the Election Commission of India announced that it is to conduct biennial election for 9 vacant seats for the members of Legislative Council of the Maharashtra State Legislature.

Highlights

On April 24, 2020, 9 seats became vacant in the Maharashtra Legislative Council. Hence, the Election Commission of India has issued orders to conduct elections under Article 324.

Article 324

The article superintendents and provides directions to the election Commission. The article gives powers to the election commission of India to conduct parliamentary and state legislature elections.

Under the article, the commission shall consist of a Chief Election Commissioner and other commissioners if in need and may be appointed by the President from time to time.

The article empowers the President to appoint regional commissioners in consultation with the chief election commissioner.

Legislative Council

The Legislative Council is the upper house in a state legislature and is established under Article 169. Every member of the legislative council serves for 6 years. Hence, the terms of one-third of the state legislative council members expire every two years.

After bifurcation of Jammu and Kashmir, today, 6 out of 28 states have State Legislative Council.

Article 169

The article provides power to abolish or create legislative councils in the state.