Liberation Tigers Of Tamil Eelam Current Affairs - 2019

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UGC directs Universities: observe 21 May as Anti-Terrorism Day

The University Grants Commission (UGC, the higher education regulator) has directed universities and higher educational institutions (HEIs) in India to observe 21 May as Anti-Terrorism Day so as to wean youth away from terrorism.

Key Highlights

  • Background: Every year 21 May is observed as Anti-Terrorism Day throughout India. It seeks to spread awareness among people about dangers of violence and terrorism and its effect on people, society and country altogether.
  • Reason: ‘21 May’ marks the death anniversary of former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi who was assassinated in 1991 at an election rally near Chennai by a women suicide bomber from Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, a separatist Sri Lankan Tamil outfit). The year 2019 mark 28th death anniversary of Late Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi.
  • Objective: to wean youth away from violence and terrorism, and showing them how it is prejudicial to national interest. It also seeks to promote harmony, peace and unity across the nation.
  • UGC also suggested varsities to undertake activities for the day which includes discussions, symposium, debates, pledge taking ceremony and films screening as per the recommendations of Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), Government of India.

Indian Government Extends Ban on LTTE for Five Years

The Ministry of Home Affairs in a freshly issued notification extended ban on the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as: Tamil Tigers) in India for a another period of five years.

Key Highlights

Ban: The Union Home Ministry notified extended ban (of 5 years) to LTTE under sub-sections (1) and (3) of section 3 of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 (37 of 1967) with immediate effect, thus declared LTTE as an Unlawful Association.

Reasons by GoI: Notification states that-

  • Even after LTTE’s military defeat in May 2009, it continues to adopt a strong anti-India posture and also continues to pose a grave threat to security of Indian nationals.
  • It has continued its disruptive and violent activities which are prejudicial to integrity and sovereignty of India.

Recent Findings:

  • LTTE has not abandoned concept of Tamil Eelam and is undertaking propaganda activities and fundraising for its Eelam cause in Europe.
  • The pro-LTTE groups and Tamil chauvinist groups continue to foster separatist tendencies amongst Indian masses especially in Tamil Nadu. Recently, activities of LTTE remnant cadres and supporters have been traced out in Tamil Nadu.
    • The Diaspora continued to spread anti-India feeling amongst Sri Lankan Tamils through their articles in Internet, by holding Indian Government responsible for defeat of LTTE.

About Liberation Tigers Of Tamil Eelam (LTTE)

  • It is a Sri Lanka based Tamil militant and political organization, which was founded in 1976.
  • Its objective is to create an independent state of Tamil Eelam in the north and east of Sri Lanka (areas comprising Tamil Majority).
  • It was banned in India following the assassination of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi in 1991 by its members.