Life Expectancy Current Affairs - 2020

UNDP Report: India ranks 129 in Human Development Index

The United Nations Development Programme released the Human Development Index for 189 countries on December 9, 2019. The rankings were listed by the report titled “Beyond Income, Beyond Averages, Beyond Today: Inequalities in Human Development in 21st century”.

India ranked 129 among them, which is one rank ahead of its previous positions. In 2018, India ranked 130. The rankings were listed based on the assessment of poverty, education, life expectancy and access to health care.

Highlights: World

Among all the regions, South Asia was the fastest growing region. It witnessed 46% growth between the years 1990 and 2018. Despite its growth, the region accounts to 31% of partner violence. Next to South Asia, East Asia and the Pacific reported good growth. The growth rate of these regions was assessed by the report as 43%.

Singapore reported the least partner violence faced by women.

Highlights: India

The report says that around 27.1 crore people in India were lifted out of poverty between the time period 2005-06 and 2015-16. However, India is the largest country constituting to 41% of world’s poor according to the report!

India ranked 122 in the Gender Development Index

National Health Profile 2019 Released

The Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare released the 14th National Health Profile (NHP) 2019 on October 30, 2019. The NHP is prepared by the Central Bureau of Health Intelligence (CBHI). It was first published in 2005.

Significance

  • The Data is important in understanding the needs and issues of the population
  • Also, it helps in understanding the goals, their strengths and weaknesses
  • The NHP highlights major indicators as follows
    • The Socio-Economic Indicators-Education, Employment, Housing, Amenities, sanitation and drinking water
    • Demographic indicator-Population and vital statistics
    • Health Status Indicators-Prevalence of communicable and non-communicable diseases

Highlights

  • Life Expectancy in India has increased from 49.7 years in 1970-75 to 68.7 years in 2012-16. Life Expectancy of females is 70.2 years and males is 67.4 years
  • Out of 6.51 crore people who attended Non-communicable Diseases clinics, 4.75% were diagnosed with diabetes, 0.3% were diagnosed with cardiovascular disease, 6.19% were diagnosed with hyper tension and 0.26% were diagnosed with common cancers.
  • Highest population Density was reported in Delhi with 11,320 people per square km and the lowest population Density was reported in Arunachal Pradesh with 17 people per square km.
  • The Infant Mortality Rate has declined considerably. It was 33 per 1000 live births in 2016. It is now 37 in rural and 23 in urban
  • The Total Fertility Rate was 1.8 in 2016 and has increased to 2.3 in rural and 2.5 in urban
  • Dengue and Chikungunya are a great cause of concern to public health
  • There has been consistent decrease in birth rate, death rate and natural growth rate in the country from 1991 to 2017. India in 2017 registered a birth rate of 20.2 per 1000 population, death rate of 63 and natural growth rate was 13.9 per 1000 population