Line of Credit Current Affairs - 2020

Highlights: President Ram Nath Kovind Visit to Benin

President Ram Nath Kovind arrived in Benin at Cardinal Bernadine de Cotonou International Airport in Cotonou, the largest city in the West African country. This visit is part of first leg of his 3 nations’ tour to West African region which includes Gambia and Guinea from July 28 to August 3. This is first visit by either a head of state or head of government to three West African countries.

This is the 23rd country to be visited by President Kovind during his Presidential tenure till now.

Key Highlights

President Kovind held talks with his Beninese counterpart Patrice Talon. He also traveled to Porto Novo, the seat of Beninese Parliament.

In a special honour extended to India by Benin, President Kovind addressed National Assembly in Benin.

He also met members of Indian community at a reception hosted in his honour in Cotonou.

Significance: The visit is expected to reinvigorate and give new direction to India’s ties with three countries.


Transformative growth of India and natural strengths of Benin complement each other.

In last 10 years, India-Benin bilateral trade has risen from $350 million over $800 million thus India has become Benin’s largest trading partner.

India’s duty free tariff preference scheme has helped Benin’s exports grow by more than 68% in 2018 to reach $376 million.

Various MoUs and Agreements were signed during President Kovind’s visit include-

India offered $100 million line of credit to Benin for its development projects.

India offered further training assistance to Benin to expand its anti-piracy capacity.

Both countries agreed to work together to combat climate change through International Solar Alliance.

Both countries showed commitment towards taking development partnership forward by signing of country agreement for Benin to avail various initiatives by India such as tele-medicine initiativee-Arogyabharati and tele-education programme– e-Vidyabharati.

India also extended free tele-education courses to over 15,000 Beninese students and tele-medicine courses to 1,000 doctors and paramedics in Africa.

Exim Bank extends $500 million loan facility to 15-nation ECOWAS

The Export-Import Bank of India (Exim Bank) has inked line of credit (LoC) agreement with Bank for Investment and Development (EBID) to provide US $500 million credit facility to fund various development projects in 15-member countries of Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) region in western-south Africa.

Key Facts

The LoC of US $500 million to EBID is umbrella limit for financing developmental projects in 15-member countries of EBID in ECOWAS region. These projects entitled to get funding may belong any sector which is of priority of governments of any of member states of EBID. With signing of LoC agreement, Exim Bank till date has extended four LoCs to EBID, with support of government, taking total value of LOCs to US $1,000 million.

Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)

The ECOWAS is regional group of 15 West African countries. It was founded in May 1975, with the signing of the Treaty of Lagos. Its mandate is to promote economic integration in all fields of activity of the constituting countries. Its 15 member countries are Benin, Cape Verde, Burkina Faso, Gambia, Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea Bissau, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Togo.