Literacy Current Affairs - 2020

NSS releases report on disability

The National Statistical Office conducted survey of Persons with disabilities in the country between the period July 2018 and December 2018.

The main objective of the survey is to estimate indicators of incidence and prevalence of disability, facilities available to persons with disability, age at onset of disability, arrangement of regular care giver, difficulties faced by the persons with disabilities, out of pocket expenses.

The survey carried out in the year 2018 was the 76th round. It included all the disabilities that were included in The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016.

Highlights

The data was collected from 1,18,152 households. The prevalence of disability was 2.2%. Their contribution to the population was 2.3% in rural and 2% in urban. Disability among males were higher than females. The onset of disability in 365 days was 86 per 1,00,000 persons.

Around 52.2% were literate in the age group greater than 7 years. Between age group of 3 and 35 years, 10.1% attended pre-school.

The survey says that 21.8% of the disabled people in the country received aid from Government. Only 28% had certificate of disability. The unemployment rate among persons with disability was 4.2% and the Labor Force Participation Rate was 23.8%.

November 11: National Education Day

Every year on November 11, India celebrates National Education Day on November 11 to commemorate the birth anniversary of Maulana Abdul Azad, the first Education Minister of India. He was the man behind the establishments of the premier institutes of the country like IITs, IIScs, etc.

Highlights

  • The Day is being celebrated since 2008
  • Campaigns and Programs are organized on this day every year to spread awareness about education and for the citizens to learn about the importance of education.
  • The main objective of the day is to attract more people towards education and to increase the literacy rate of the country

Maulana Azad

  • Maulana Azad was an independence activist and one of the senior leaders of the Indian National Congress.
  • He was awarded the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award in 192 for his contributions towards education
  • He founded the University Grants Commission (UGC) that supervises the higher education across the country.
  • His primary objective was free primary education.
  • He was born on November 11, 1888. He learned Arabic and Urudu. In 1912, he began a weekly Urudu newspaper called the “Al-Hilal”.
  • He found the Lalit Kala Academy, Sangeet Natak Academy and Sahitya Academy to promote the education system of the country.