Lithium-ion cell Current Affairs - 2019

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Fire Resistant Lithium-Ion Batteries

The scientists at John Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, US, have developed Lithium-Ion batteries that can operate under extreme conditions like submersion, ballistic impact, cutting and heat. In simple lay man terms, they can operate even under fire!

Lithium-Ion Batteries

The Lithium-Ion batteries that are commonly used in every household item starting from smartphones are susceptible to catastrophic fire and explosion. Because of this, many phones were banned from airlines and ships. The US Navy had prohibited the use of e-cigarettes on ships and submarines because of the danger the batteries possessed.

The Technology behind the battery

The scientists have used water-in-salt and water-in-bisalt electrolytes in the batteries. These electrolytes were incorporated in a polymer matrix to reduce water activity and elevate energy capabilities of the battery. This gives the batteries higher energies to withstand heat and pressure.

New company to be established under Department of Space

The government has approved setting up of a new company under the Department of Space to commercially exploit the research and development work carried out by Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) Centers and constituent units of DOS.

Avenues for Commercialisation

The following avenues provide opportunities for commercial exploitation of ISRO programmes:

  • Small satellite technology transfer to industry. The new company shall take a license from DoS/ISRO and sub-license to industries.
  • Manufacture of the small satellite launch vehicle (SLV) in collaboration with the Private Sector.
  • Productionisation of Polar SLV through the industry.
  • Productionisation and marketing of Space-based products and services, including launch and applications;
  • Transfer of Technology developed by ISRO Centers and constituent units of DoS.
  • Marketing of some spin-off technologies and products, both in India and abroad.
  • Any other subject which Government of India deems fit.

Recently ISRO agreed to transfer technology on Lithium-Ion cell Batteries. Constituting a new company together with providing revenues will give a boost to the Make in India campaign.