Lok Sabha Current Affairs - 2019
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The Union Minister of Road Transport and Highways, Nitin Gadkari has stated that the Central Government expects a 20 per cent decline in road accidents from the current five lakh a year and Parliament’s nod to pending legislation Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill will also help curb the accidents.
Features of the Bill
The features of the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, 2017 are:
- The bill seeks to redress the difficulties faced in obtaining driving licenses without the help of touts by taking the process online. Tests for driving licences will be automated, and learner’s licences will be issued online.
- The bill provides for an increase of fines for breaking road rules.
- The new law states that driving licence issued to a person under the age of 30 is valid till the person turns 40. For those who receive licences between the ages of 30 and 50, the licence will remain valid for 10 years. If the licence is issued between 50 and 55 years, it will be valid until the person turns 60, and above 55 years, licences will carry a five-year validity.
- The bill defines aggregators as a digital intermediary or market place for a passenger to connect with a driver for the purpose of transportation and makes it optional for the states to follow central guidelines related to the aggregators.
- The bill leaves the regulation of aggregators should be left to states.
- The bill also removes the cap on payments to be made under third-party insurance proposed in the 2016 bill.
- The bill provides for the recall of vehicles if the defective vehicle is a danger to the environment, the driver or other road users. The manufacturer would be required to reimburse all buyers with the full cost of the vehicle, replace the defective vehicle, and if necessary pay a fine as specified by the government.
The Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, 2017 has been passed by the Lok Sabha and is pending in the Rajya Sabha.
The Election Commission of India will be issuing Braille voter slips for the visually impaired and blind voters in the Lok Sabha elections due this year. The Braille voter slips were already issued during the recently held assembly polls.
The initiative is part of the strategic framework for ‘accessible elections’, The Election commission of India also plans to provide Braille election photo identity cards.
The Electronic voting machines already have the Braille feature. The ballot paper pasted on the machine with name and symbol of candidates is Braille enabled.
Braille is a script with raised dots that can be read with the fingers by people who are blind or who have low vision.
It is a tactical reading and writing system used by blind and visually impaired people who cannot access print material.
Strategic Framework on Accessible Elections
The Strategic Framework on Accessible Elections is a compilation of guidelines issued by Election Commission of India and the Department for Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities, Ministry of Social justice and Empowerment, Government of India.
The guidelines aim to build on sensitization through education and training, community involvement of different sections of society, effective partnership with institutions and originations and creation of facilities to cater to the specific needs of Persons with Disabilities (PwDs) with a view to increasing their participation.
Tags: Braille • Braille voter slips • Department for Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities • Election Commission of India • Lok Sabha • Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment • Persons with Disabilities • strategic framework for 'accessible elections'