Lok Sabha Current Affairs - 2019
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The Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) has established an Advisory Committee for each district of the country for monitoring the progress of Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) with active role of Members of Parliament from the district.
What is Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP)?
Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) is a credit linked subsidy programme launched by the Government of India by merging the two schemes namely Prime Minister’s Rojgar Yojana (PMRY) and Rural Employment Generation Programme (REGP) for generation of employment opportunities through establishment of micro enterprises in rural as well as urban areas. PMEGP is a central sector scheme administered by the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MoMSME).
What are the objectives of PMEGP?
Objectives of PMEGP are:
- To generate employment opportunities in rural as well as urban areas of the country through setting up of new self employment ventures/projects/micro enterprises.
- To bring together widely dispersed traditional artisans/ rural and urban unemployed youth and give them self employment opportunities to the extent possible, at their place.
- To provide continuous and sustainable employment to a large segment of traditional and prospective artisans and rural and urban unemployed youth in the country, so as to help arrest migration of rural youth to urban areas.
- To increase the wage earning capacity of artisans and contribute to increase in the growth rate of rural and urban employment.
What will be the constitution of the District Level Advisory Committee who will monitor PMEGP?
The District Level Advisory Committee will comprise around 30 members chaired by the Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha) elected from the District having the largest part of the district under his/ her Parliamentary constituency. The Committee would provide overall guidance and suggestions for the implementation of the PMEGP programme. The committee would liaise and coordinate with Khadi and Village Industry Commission (KVIC) which is the nodal agency for the scheme, State Government and other agencies including Banks for effective mobilization of young entrepreneurs under PMEGP. It would also ensure that the scheme is implemented in line with its guidelines.
Other member of the Committee:
- Members of Parliament of Lok Sabha having part constituency in the district would be co-chairperson and Member of Parliament of Rajya Sabha will be a member.
- Members of State Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council, Chairperson of Zilla Panchayat, representatives of SC/ST, OBC, minority and women and one professional from social work/ social science, representatives of bank and financial institutions.
District Magistrate/ Collector will be its member-convener.
The Lok Sabha passed the long-awaited Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Bill which seeks to replace the archaic land acquisition law dating back to 1894. The government cleared the air on the reservations from some States against some provisions in the bill by informing that the Bill only ideates for fair compensation, rehabilitation and resettlement in the case of land acquisition and State Governments were free to improve upon it and enforce it as per their specific needs.
What are the key features of Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Bill 2012?
A key provision of the Land Bill is to get the consent of 80% of the landowners in case the land is acquired for private purposes and in case the land is acquired for public projects then at least consent of 70% of the landowners will be mandatory. The Bill also proposes that the farmers and the landowners should be compensated up to 4 times the market value of land in rural areas and two times the market value in urban areas.