LPG Current Affairs - 2020

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India to get uninterrupted LPG supply from Saudi Arabia

On March 29, 2020, the Union Minister Dharmendra Pradhan announced that Saudi Arabia has assured India on uninterrupted LPG supply amidst growing threat of COVID-19.

LPG in India

India is the second largest importer of LPG in the world. It fulfils half of its requirements from the middle east countries such as Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Kuwait.

LPG Imports of India

With Government of India promoting cleaner fuel, the usage of LPG in India has increased. In the year 2018-19, the usage of LPG in the country increased by 6.9% as compared to the previous year. In 2020, it increased by 6.7%. The imports increased by 15.9% as compared to the earlier year.

In 2018-19, India consumed 24.9 million tonnes of LPG. The consumption has increased greatly after the introduction of Ujjwala Programme.

LPG and Kerosene

With increased usage of LPG, the usage of Kerosene began to decrease. The sales of Kerosene decreased by 10% in 2018-19. GoI is slowly trying to stop selling Kerosene as domestic fuel. Kerosene is currently sold at subsidized rates in pubic distribution shops operated by GoI.

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Ghana inspired by India’s Ujjwala; India to assist; MoU signed

On January 23, 2020, Ghana announced that the country will replicate the Ujjwala model of LPG connection under the guidance of India (represented by Indian Oil Corporation).

Highlights

LPG coverage in Ghana is 23%. Citizens of Ghana spend hours together at petrol stations to refill their cylinders. Ghana is to fix the issues around LPG with India’s support. Ghana inspired by India’s bottling plants of LPG is to implement its replica aiming to cover 50% of population in the initial stage.

MoU

India has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Ghana to provide assistance in Ghana’s National LPG Promotion Policy. The MoU will strengthen cooperation between the countries and will increase the support offered to National Petroleum Authority of Ghana by India.

Indian Oil Corporation will aid in developing infrastructure, technical support and value chain on the sidelines of the agreement. This symbolizes India as a global leader in providing clean energy.

Achievement of PMUY

Under Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana, 8 crore cooking gas connection were provided to poor women in less than 3 years. The Programme was launched to safeguard health of children and women by replacing firewood with LPG.

Controversies

India’s CAG (Comptroller and Auditor General) in its report on PMUY expressed its concerns over delays in supply of cylinder, low consumption, diversions of LPG, etc.

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