Lucknow Current Affairs - 2020

4th India International Science Festival-2018 held in Lucknow

The fourth India International Science Festival 2018 (IISF 2018) will be held in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh from October 5 to 8, 2018. It is being organized by Ministry of Science and Technology, Ministry of Earth Sciences in association with Vijnana Bharati at Indira Gandhi Pratishthan, Lucknow. This is for first time ISSF being organized in Uttar Pradesh. It was inaugurated by President Ram Nath Kovind. The theme of this edition of the Science Festival is “Science for Transformation“.

Key Facts

More than 8,000 delegates from across the country will take part in the fourth edition this mega science expo. About 800 women scientists and entrepreneurs are expected to take part in it. At this event, attempt will be made by about 500 students to isolate DNA. As part of the event, “science village” will be set up at National Botanical Garden in Lucknow where people will get to know about the progress of science.

India International Science Festival (IISF)

IISF is conceivably biggest platform in India that brings together students, researchers, artists and general public to celebrate nation’s achievements in science and technology. It serves as a medium to encourage young minds towards field of science and to promote networking of stakeholders working towards the propagation of science. The 1st IISF was held at Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) New Delhi in December, 2015. The 2nd IISF was held at CSIR-National Physical Laboratory, New Delhi in December, 2016 and 3rd was held in October 2017, Chennai, Tamil Nadu.

21st Central Zonal Council meeting held in Lucknow

The 21st Central Zonal Council meeting was held in Lucknow, capital of Uttar Pradesh. It was chaired by Union Home Minister r Rajnath Singh. It was attended by Chief Ministers of Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand while representative ministers of Madhya Pradesh and Chattisgarh.

Key Facts

The Council discussed various issues including road transport, Pradhanmantri Gramin Sadak Yojna, measures to tackle Naxal violence, modernization of Police, infrastructure development of airports, minimum support price, National health mission and issues related to primary schools.  Total 22 issues were discussed out of which 17 were resolved and on three issue directions were given, rest 2 issues between the states will also be resolved very soon.

Zonal Council

Zonal Councils were set up under States Reorganization Act, 1956 (thus, they are not constitutional bodies unlike Interstate Council, but are statutory bodies) to foster Inter-State co-operation and co-ordination among the States. The idea of zonal councils emerged during course of debate on report of States Re-organisation Commission 1956 (headed by Fazl Ali). Originally five councils were created as per States Reorganization Act 1956 as follows:

  • Northern Zonal Council: Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan, National Capital Territory of Delhi (UT) and Chandigarh (UT).
  • Central Zonal Council: Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh
  • Eastern Zonal Council: Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa and West Bengal;
  • Western Zonal Council: Goa, Gujarat, Maharashtra and UTs of Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli
  • Southern Zonal Council: Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Puducherry (UT).

Zonal Councils provide common meeting ground for States to promote and facilitate coordinated efforts for fostering economic and social development. They serve regional fora of cooperative endeavour for States linked with each other geographically, economically and culturally. They are mandated to discuss and make recommendations on matters of common interest in field of economic and social planning, linguistic minorities, border disputes and inter-State transport etc.

Composition of Zonal council: Union Home Minister is Chairman of Zonal Councils. Chief Ministers of States included in each zone act as Vice-Chairman of respective zone by rotation, each holding office for period of one year at time.

Significance of zonal councils

They help to develop the habit of cooperative working among these States. It also facilitate to create healthy inter-State and Centre-State environment with view to solve inter-State problems and foster balanced socio economic development of respective zones.

Special Note: The north eastern states are not included in these five zonal Councils. Their special problems are looked after by North Eastern Council, set up under North Eastern Council Act, 1972. It is also headed by Union Home Minister.