M Venkaiah Naidu Current Affairs - 2019

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Vice President calls for protecting Ongole Cattle Breed

The Vice President of India, M. Venkaiah Naidu called for protecting and promoting the indigenous Ongole cattle breed. He also released a Compendium on Ongole breed of cattle at the Swarna Bharat Trust in Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh.

Key Highlights

  • Vice President Naidu asserted that cattle wealth was national wealth. He pointed out that Brazil which had imported these cattle and now produced hybrid Ongoles is gaining huge revenue through its export.
  • As per him, India do not focus enough attention on its own indigenous breed and now the time has come for promoting Ongole cattle breed and also to take up research on animal.
  • He asked concerned officials to expedite the works at National Kamadhenu Breeding Centre, Chintaladevi in Nellore District, Andhra Pradesh.
  • Agriculture: Vice President Naidu observed that Indian agriculture is facing many challenges thus stressed need for taking up multi-pronged efforts from all concerned stakeholders to making agriculture sustainable, more profitable and to double farmer’s income. He also urged farmers to take up in house dairy and backyard poultry for fetching additional income source.

About Compendium

  • The Compendium released by Vice President Naidu has 1200-page which traces history of animal, from year 1885 to 2016. It provides information from 13 books and 80 research findings on Ongole Cattle. Agricultural scientist, Mullapudi Narendranath and former Joint Director of Animal Husbandry Department, Adusumilli Madhusudan Rao were credited for compilation of the Compendium.

About Ongole Cattle Breed

  • Nomenclature: The breed derives its name from the name of a place called ‘Ongole’, which occupies a small area between Gundlakamma and Musi rivers in Andhra Pradesh. It is also nicknamed as ‘Nelore cattle’ as Ongole was once part of the Nellore area.
  • Indigenous Breed: Ongole cattle are indigenous to Prakasam District, Andhra Pradesh in India.
  • Worldwide Demand: The ongole bull has great demand all over the world. In Brazil, population of Ongole off-breed is around several millions. The USA’s famous ‘Santa Gertrudis breed’ also have Ongole blood. They are used in bull fights not only in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, but also in Mexico and some parts of East Africa.
  • Features: They are known for their toughness, high milk yield, rapid growth rate, tolerance to tropical heat and natural resistance to both foot and mouth disease (FMD) and mad cow disease.

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Vice President undertakes four-day visit to Vietnam

Vice President of India M. Venkaiah Naidu commenced his four-day official visit to Vietnam on 9 May 2019. His visit comes after a series of high-level exchanges between India-Vietnam in 2018 which include visit of Vietnamese Prime Minister in January and President in March to India.

Key Highlights of Visit

  • The Vice President will participate in 16th United Nations Day of Vesak (UNDV) at Tam Chuc pagoda in northern Ha Nam province of Vietnam. He will also deliver keynote address at inaugural session of event, themed for which is “Buddhist Approach to Global Leadership and Shared Responsibilities for Sustainable Societies”.
  • This visit is expected to enhance India’s Comprehensive Strategic Partnership with Southeast Asian nation, Vietnam.
  • He will visit Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, to pay homage to Former Prime Minister (and also President) of Vietnam.
  • He will meet Indian community and Vietnamese beneficiaries of ‘Jaipur Foot Artificial Limb Fitment Camp’ organized in 2018 by India under ‘India for Humanity’ initiative. It was launched to commemorate 150th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
  • He will pay tributes to martyrs at National Monument of Heroes and Martyrs (Vietnam’s War Memorial).
  • He will also meet Nguyen Kim Thi Ngan, Chairperson of National Assembly of Vietnam (Vietnam’s Legislative Assembly).
  • He will interact with Dang Thi Ngoc Thinh, Vice President of Vietnam and hold delegation level talks.
  • High level talks will discuss issues including: trade and investment relations between two nation, exploring opportunities in oil and gas sectors, giving better market access to India’s exports, mutual cooperation in defence and space technologies, training and capacity building of Vietnamese defence forces, seeking support for Indian Pharmaceutical facilities in Vietnam and strengthening of cultural bonds between two nations.

About 16th United Nations Day of Vesak

  • Vesak (also known as Buddha Jayanti or Buddha Purnima) is celebrated to commemorate birth of Lord Buddha, his attainment of enlightenment (nirvana) and his passing away. It’s date changes every year based on lunar calendar.
  • It is considered sacred to Buddhists.
  • Indian Vice President’s participation at event is expected to strengthen ties between India and Buddhist communities worldwide.

It is expected to be attended by more than 10,000 Buddhist followers, 1,500 religious dignitaries, scientists and researchers from all over the world.

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