Mahatma Gandhi Current Affairs

76th anniversary of Quit India Movement observed on August 8

76th anniversary of Quit India movement was observed on August 8th, 2018. On this day in 1942, Mahatma Gandhi (father of the nation) had gave clarion call of Do or Die to all Indians to drive away Britishers from the country.

Quit India Movement

Quit India Movement (Bharat Chhodo Andolan or August Movement or August Kranti) was an important milestone in the Indian freedom struggle. It was civil disobedience movement launched at Bombay session of the All-India Congress Committee (AICC) by Mahatma Gandhi on 8 August 1942 demanding an end to British Rule of India.

It was launched after Mahatma Gandhi had made a call to Do or Die in his Quit India speech delivered in Bombay at the Gowalia Tank Maidan on 7 August 1942. The movement called for India’s immediate independence and aimed to force British Government to negotiating table by holding Allied war effort hostage.

By launching this movement, Gandhiji hoped to bring British government to negotiating table as Cripps Mission had failed and give strong footing against sending Indians to fight on behalf of Britain in World War II. Quit India Resolution drafted by Jawaharlal Nehru and was moved by him on 8th August 1942 in AICCC session and Sardar Patel seconded it. Under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, people across India came together to uproot imperialism.

Month: Categories: India Current Affairs 2018


Cabinet approves Special Remission Scheme for prisoners

Union Cabinet has approved to grant Special Remission to Prisoners as part of commemoration of 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi to be observed in 2019. This decision is considered as befitting commemoration and homage to father of nation and humanitarian values Mahatma Gandhi stood for.

Following five categories of prisoners will be considered for special remission

  • Women and Transgender convicts: 55 years of age and above and who have completed 50% of their actual sentence period.
  • Male convicts: 60 years of age and above and who have completed 50% of their actual sentence period.
  • Physically challenged/disabled convicts: They will convicts with 70% disability and more and who have completed 50% of their actual sentence period.
  • Terminally ill convicts.
  • Convicted prisoners who have completed two-third (66%) of their actual sentence period.

In pursuance of this decision, Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) will issue advice to all States and UTs asking them to process cases of eligible prisoners based on above five categories.  State Governments will place recommendations of Committee before Governor for consideration and approval under Article 161 of the Constitution. After the approval, prisoners will be released three phases.

In Phase-l, prisoners will be released on 2nd October, 2018 (i.e. on birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi), in Phase-ll prisoners will be released on 10th April 2019 (anniversary of Champaran Satyagrah) and in Phase-Ill on 2nd October 2019 (birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi).

Special remission under this consideration will not be given to prisoners who have been convicted for offence for which sentence is of death or death sentence commuted to life imprisonment; cases of convicts involved in serious and heinous crimes like rape, human trafficking, dowry death and convicted under UAPA, POTA, TADA, FICN, POCSO Act, FEMA, Money Laundering, NDPS, Prevention of Corruption Act, etc.

Month: Categories: India Current Affairs 2018