Mahatma Gandhi Current Affairs - 2020

101st anniversary of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre marked

The Government of India marked the anniversary of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre on April 13, 2020. The martyrs killed on the day mercilessly are remembered. PM Modi and other leaders paid tribute to such great martyrs

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

On April 13, 2020, (Baisakhi Day), at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar, a peaceful meeting was held by 150,000 to 200,000 people. General Dyer ordered to open fire at the crowd that killed thousands. The people gathered at the park to protest against Rowlatt Act silently.

General Dyer was honoured by the British Parliament for the massacre. This troubled several leaders including Mahatma Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore and marked the start of liberation struggle.

Rowlatt Act

The act empowered the British Government to imprison any person under suspicion of terror for a maximum of 2 years. A panel was set up for speedy trials with 3 high court judges. There were no court of appeal above the panel. The act also placed severe restrictions on press.

January 9: Pravasi Bharatiya Divas

On January 9, 2020, Pravasi Bharatiya Divas was celebrated. The day is being marked since 2003 to recognize overseas Indians. It aims at promoting unity among Indian diaspora living abroad and also mark the contributions of overseas Indians. The event is organized by the Ministry of External Affairs. It is sponsored by Confederation of Indian Industry.

Why January 09?

The Pravasi Bharatiya Divas is celebrated on January 9, as Mahatma Gandhi returned from South Africa on the day in 1915. In 2015, the day was declared biennial. In 2018, the day was widely celebrated in Singapore. In 2019, the event was celebrated in Varanasi.

Objectives

The aim of celebrating the day is to provide a platform for NRI to express their perceptions about India and thereby involve them in Indian developmental activities. It also aims at creating a network of NRIs in all countries and connect younger generation. The day aims at connecting Indians living overseas with their roots so that they shall contribute to the development of the country.

Pravasi Bharatiya Samman

The Pravasi Bharatiya Samman is being presented to honour exceptional NRIs (Non-Resident Indians) for their contribution towards the country. The award is presented by the President of India.