Make in India Current Affairs

Samsung inaugurates world’s largest mobile phone factory in Noida

South Korean technology giant Samsung inaugurated the world’s largest mobile manufacturing unit in Noida, Uttar Pradesh. It was jointly inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and South Korean President Moon Jae-in.

Key Facts

Samsung Electronics facility at Sector 81 in Noida will help company to double its current manufacturing capacity for mobile phones in Noida from 6.8 crore units a year to 12 crore units a year (10 million phones in a month), in phase-wise expansion that will be completed by 2020.

The facility will allow Samsung to make phones at a lower cost due to its scale when other phone making hubs such as China are getting more expensive. 70% phones manufactured in this facility will be earmarked for domestic market in Indian and remaining 30% will be exported to Middle-Eastern and African nations.

The new factory has been built at investment of Rs. 4,915 crore on 35-acre land. It will generate 2,000 direct jobs. At present, Samsung provides 70,000 direct and indirect jobs in country, 5,000 of them are employed in Noida. Production in this new facility will range from low-end smartphones priced below $100 to company’s flagship models.

Comment

India is world’s second-largest smartphone market after China (after it overtook US). According to a study by Cisco Systems, there will be 780 million connected smartphones in 2021, compared with 359 million in 2016. This new facility is expected to help Samsung to consolidate its leadership position in Indian mobile market, which currently is facing strong competition in smartphone segment by Chinese players such as Xiaomi, Vivo, Oppo and others.

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Dhanush artillery gun clears final test, ready for induction

India’s first indigenous, long-range artillery gun Dhanush has successfully passed its final test at Pokhran, Rajasthan. This paves its way for induction into Indian Army. Earlier the gun had passed tests under severe cold conditions in Sikkim and Leh and in hot and humid weather in Balasore, Odisha, Babina in Jhansi.

Indian Army has so far not inducted any new artillery guns since Bofors guns. It has placed an initial order for 114 Dhanush guns and is expected to order another 400 more.

Dhanush artillery gun

Dhanush is a 155mm x 45mm calibre artillery gun. It has been developed by Ordnance Factory Board (OFB), Kolkata based on requirements of Indian Army and manufactured by Jabalpur-based Gun Carriage Factory (GCF). It is upgraded version of Swedish 155-mm Bofors howitzers, which India procured in the mid-1980s, based on its original designs. So, it is also called desi Bofors.

It has strike range of 40 kilometres (11 km more than the imported Bofors guns) with accuracy and precision.Its 81% components are indigenously sourced and it will be scaled up to 90% by 2019. Each of this gun costs about Rs 14.50 crore while each shell costs Rs. 1 lakh. It provides greater fire power, depending on the type of ammunition used.

It also has night firing capability in direct fire mode. Its armament system comprises a barrel, muzzle brake, breech mechanism and recoil mechanism to fire 155 mm calibre ammunitions. It has several significant advance features, including an all-electric drive, high mobility, quick deployability, auxiliary power mode, advanced communication system and automated command and control system. It has six round magazine, instead of a standard three round one. It weighs slightly more than normal due to the larger chamber.

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