Malaria Current Affairs
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Indian Health Fund: 4 innovators selected for early detection of TB, malaria by Tata Trust and The Global Fund
Tata Trust and The Global Fund backed Indian Health Fund (IHF) has chosen four innovators for early detection of tuberculosis (TB), malaria to effectively tackle these eradicate diseases. Three selected innovators are related to TB and one to malaria. They were selected from proposals received for its second Request for Proposals.
The aim for selecting these innovators aims at leveraging technology for improving early detection and prompt treatment along with promoting diagnostics feasible for primary health care facilities. It also aims to supporting national efforts to effectively tackle eradicate these diseases which is crucial health challenges in India. Government has set a target of eliminating TB by 2025 and malaria by 2030. India contributes to 27% of the global TB burden and 68% of all malaria cases in the Southeast Asia region
Indian Health Fund (IHF)
IHF was launched in 2016 by Tata Trusts in collaboration with The Global Fund, to drive innovations towards key infectious disease challenges in India. It supports individuals and organisations with already germinated innovative strategies, services, products, such that they become sustainable and scalable solutions in addressing TB and malaria. The initiative is not a fellowship programme to do research from scratch. It is long-term exercise aligned with country’s goal of eliminating TB by 2025 and malaria by 2030. It will promote innovative solutions such that they are widely accessible and are affordable.
The World Mosquito Day is observed every year on August 20 to raise awareness about the causes of malaria. The observance of the day seeks to created awareness to prevent and also to fundraise for research into the cure of malaria.
World Mosquito Day also marks groundbreaking discovery of British doctor, Sir Ronald Ross when he had identified link between mosquitoes and malaria way back in in 1897. He had found that female Anopheles mosquitoes transmit malaria between humans. This discovery had laid foundations for scientists across world to better understand the deadly role of mosquitoes in disease transmission and come up with effective innovative interventions. Sir Ross is responsible for annual observance of World Mosquito Day, which was declared shortly after his discovery.
Mosquitoes are small, midge-like flies that constitute the family Culicidae. They have been around for over hundred million years now and diseases caused and spread by them leads to loss of several lives. There are over 3,500 species of mosquitoes have already been described. They are generally divided into two subfamilies, Anophelinae and Culicinae which in turn comprise some 43 genera.
Female mosquitoes are ectoparasites, whose tube-like mouthparts (called a proboscis) pierce hosts’ skin to consume blood for its own survival. Many species of mosquitoes are vectors of diseases. In passing from host to host, some transmit extremely harmful infections such as malaria, yellow fever, Chikungunya, West Nile virus, dengue fever, filariasis, Zika virus and other arboviruses.
Mosquitoes are most deadliest animal in the world, as around 6 million deaths every decade occur due to vector borne diseases transmitted by it. Deadliest among them are Malaria (transmitted through bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes), Dengue (transmitted by Aedes aegypti mosquito), Zika virus (also transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes), Chikungunya (spreads through bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito) and Yellow fever (infected mosquitoes of Aedes species).