Malaria Current Affairs - 2020

WHO: Cases of Malaria, TB and AIDS are to increase

The World Health Organization announced that the number of deaths due to TB, AIDS and Malaria might increase as the entire focus of health care system all over the world is shifting towards COVID-19.

Highlights

The WHO has made the announcement based on the study conducted by the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease along with Johns Hopkins University.

Key findings

According to the study, every added month of lock down in India will lead to additional 40,685 deaths between 2020 and 2025. These deaths are to occur only due to Tuberculosis. All over the world, Kenya will face maximum number of death due to the scenario followed by Ukraine, India.

The global incidence of TB could increase to levels that was setback in 2013. This will cause to 8 years of fight against the disease go in vain. Globally, there are possibilities for the numbers infected due to the disease to increase to 6.3 million by 2025.

Malaria and AIDS

The COVID-19 conditions shall also double the number of malaria infections. Also, there are possibilities for children not getting tested. There are continuous disruptions in the antiretroviral therapy that will increase the deaths due to AIDS.

Impacts of lock down on Family Planning

The lock down has resulted in poor access to family planning measures and contraceptives. This will result in lots of unwanted pregnancies.

Highlights

With the number of infected persons of COVID-19 increasing all over India, least importance is being given to family planning and other treatments that includes Tuberculosis, AIDS, etc. The issue will end up in lot of unwanted pregnancies and eventually to unsafe abortions and maternal deaths.

Analysis

According to the Foundation for Reproductive Health Services India. Around 2.56 crore couples are unable to access contraceptive services. This leads to loss of 6.9 lakh sterilization services and 9.7 lakh IUCD (Intra Uterine Contraceptive Devices).

Foundation for Reproductive Health Services India

It is an NGO that is working since 2009. It is a part of the Marine Stopes International, which is an organization that provides personalized abortion services and contraception. The organization is spread across 37 countries.

Focus on COVID-19 increases Malaria, HIV and TB

Apart from its impacts on family planning, COVID-19 has also affected the treatment of malaria, Tuberculosis and HIV. According to a study, the HIV projections could increase by 10%, malaria can increase upto 20% and Tuberculosis related deaths could increase by 20%.

The study was conducted by Geneva based body “Stop TB”.