Malaria Current Affairs - 2020

WHO criticizes India over issues faced by Migrants during Lock Down

On March 30, 2020, the World Health Organization condemned countries including India for not taking actions to address the concerns of daily workers and migrant workers.

Highlights

The organization had also condemned certain states in India like Bihar and Rajasthan for suspending their routine immunization programmes. Also, the closure of outpatient departments in government hospitals especially in AIIMS was of great concern to the organization.

WHO on Anti-Malarial Drug

Only India and USA are currently using the Anti-Malarial Drug called Hydroxychloroquine on a larger scale. The drugs are prescribed for asymptomatic persons that are in close contact with the COVID-19 patients. India has also banned the export of the drug adopting wider usage.

However, WHO believes that the safety of the drug to use it against COVID-19 is still not confirmed. Small observation studies show that the drug shortens illness caused by the virus.

Suggestions

The WHO recommends balanced approach in dealing with the virus. The organization recommends the approach of United Kingdom of using 20,000 retired health workers. Also, it calls upon the companies to talk to the companies to increase their production.

Four Mega Trials of COVID-19 Treatment launched by WHO

The World Health Organization recently launched a mega trial of four most promising corona virus treatments. The organization focuses on repurpose drugs that have already been approved to be safe rather than finding new compounds from the scratch.

What are the four trials?

The WHO is testing four most promising treatments to combat the virus. It includes

  • Remdesivir, an anti-viral compound
  • Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine, the Malarial medications
  • Combination of Lopinavir and Ritonavir, HIV drugs
  • Interferon-beta along with the combination of Lopinavir and Ritonavir

Remdesivir

The drug was found to treat E-Bola viral infections. The E-bola outbreak broke out in Congo. The drug has been proved that it inhibits other Corona Virus Stains called SARS and MERS.

Chloroquine and HydroxyCholoroquine

This combination that is used to treat Malaria is another method that is being put under trial to treat Corona Virus. These drugs are being prescribed in India currently for the asymptomatic persons that come in direct contact with the persons infected with the virus.

Lopinavir and Ritonavir

The drugs were invented in the US in 2000. They have shown great efficacy in persons infected with MERS virus.