Malaria Current Affairs - 2020

India ranks 77 on sustainability index and 131 on Flourishing Index

On February 20, 2020, WHO, Lancet and UNICEF together released a report titled “A Future for the World’s Children”. According to the report, a new Global index has been included in comparing performance of child nutrition, education and sustainability.

According to the report, India ranked 131 in flourishing index and 77 on sustainability index.

Highlights

The report says that India has improved in health and sanitation. However, it has to increase its spending on Health. Around 180 countries were compared in the report. The parameters of comparison included child survival, child wellbeing, health and education, sustainability, child nutrition.

Key Findings of the report

Because of stunting and poverty, around 250 million children in low- and middle-income countries are at risk of not reaching their developmental potential.

Best and Least Performers

The children in countries such as Republic of Korea and Netherlands have best chances of survival. On the other hand, Chad, Niger, Somalia and Mali were the least performers and face very bad odds.

Current Scenario

The report has named USA, Saudi Arabia and Australia as the top 10 highest emitters. Norway, Netherlands and Republic of Korea emit 210% more than the target set by them towards the per capita target of 2030.

Major Issues

According to the report, the poorest countries have to do more to support their children health and ability. They have to spend lots towards their children health in order to provide them healthy lives. This disproportionately is affected by the carbon emissions from rich countries. The issue overall is threatening lives of all children.

The current scenario is capable of crating devastating health consequences such as malaria, malnutrition and Dengue. Along with this the threats from heat waves and rising ocean levels are also high.

US $13.92 billion raised for next 3 years to fight against AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria

Donors from across the world including governments, philanthropists and private firms have pledged just over $14 billion for the next three years to save 16 million lives and help end AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria by 2030. It was promised at the Sixth Replenishment Conference of Global Fund to fight against AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria (GFTAM) held in Lyon, France.

Key Donors

United States will provide $1.56 billion a year, maintaining more than 30% of all contributions. France has pledged to provide $1.29 billion. India also has announced contribution of $22 million, an increase of 10% over the earlier amount contributed in 5th cycle. Private donors also pledged more than $1 billion. The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has pledged to provide $760 million, (RED) has pledged US$150 million.

About Global Fund to fight against AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria

It was created in 2002 to raise, manage and invest the world’s money to respond to three of the deadliest infectious diseases the world has ever known viz. AIDS, TB and malaria. It aims to attract, leverage and invest additional resources to end epidemics of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria to support attainment of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) established by the United Nations. Its secretariat are in Geneva, Switzerland.

Note: GFTAM is financing mechanism rather than implementing agency. It is also the world’s largest financier of AIDS, TB, and malaria prevention, treatment, and care programs.