Malaysia Current Affairs - 2020

Global Energy Transition Index 2019

The Global Energy Transition index 2019 report has been released by the World Economic Forum (WEF). The index compares the energy sectors of 115 countries and analyses their readiness for energy transition. The index benchmarks the countries energy systems based on an “energy triangle”, comprised of energy security and access, economic development and growth, environmental sustainability and how well they are set-up to succeed in the future.

The index takes into account six individual indicators: capital and investment, regulation and political commitment, institutions and governance, institutions and innovative business environment, human capital and consumer participation, and energy system structure.

Global Energy Transition Index 2019

  • Sweden has topped the index and is followed by Switzerland and Norway in the top three.
  • China is ranked even lower than India in the 82nd position.
  • The United Kingdom (UK) is ranked seventh and Singapore has been ranked thirteenth, while Germany, Japan and the US have bagged the seventeenth, eighteenth and the twenty-seventh place respectively.
  • Among the Asian Countries, Malaysia is ranked highest at 31st, Sri Lanka is 60th, Bangladesh 90th and Nepal 93rd.
  • The report states that the world’s transition to secure, affordable and sustainable energy has stagnated, with little or no progress achieved in the past five years.
  • The index notes that continued use of coal for power generation in Asia, increasing commodity prices and slower-than-needed improvements in energy intensity have contributed to this year’s stagnation in performance.
  • Even though more people across the globe have access to energy, this has been offset by reduced affordability and almost no progress in making energy systems environmentally sustainable.

Where does India stand?
  • India has moved up two places to rank 76th and the report states that India is amongst the countries with high pollution levels and has a relatively high CO2 intensity in its energy system.
  • The report also acknowledges the significant strides made by India to improve energy access in recent years. India scores well in the area of regulation and political commitment towards energy transition.
  • The report suggests a ground of optimism regarding India despite the current outdated energy system not being ready for the transition because an enabling environment is being built to support the future transition.
  • India has ranked low in terms of system performance (ranking 97 and 86, respectively) and has been ranked considerably higher when it comes to readiness (45 and 61, respectively).
  • India is the second best in the BRICS group of emerging economies, with Brazil being the best at 46th place globally. India is the only BRICS country to improve its rank since last year.

The Index considers both the current state of the countries’ energy system and their structural readiness to adapt to future energy needs.

Counterfeit, Pirated Goods and Global Trade

The assessment  by EU Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) carried out based on data from almost half a million customs seizures by international enforcement agencies highlights the following:

  • Global sales of counterfeit and pirated goods have increased to USD 522 billion a year, amounting to a whopping 3.3 per cent of world trade.
  • The share of counterfeit goods has witnessed a considerable rise since its previous 2016 estimate of 2.5 per cent of global trade.
  • Counterfeit goods represented 121 billion Euros worth of imports into the European Union alone which amounted for a massive 6.8 per cent of total imports into the bloc, up from five per cent in 2016.
  • Counterfeiting and piracy posed a major threat to innovation and economic growth, at both EU and global level.
  • Companies which were most affected by counterfeiting and piracy were mainly based in developed OECD nations like the United States, Japan, South Korea and EU states.
  • Even businesses in China, Brazil and Hong Kong are being increasingly hit.
  • Countries exporting the most counterfeit and pirated goods were China, Hong Kong, United Arab Emirates, Turkey, Singapore, Thailand, India and Malaysia.

The EUIPO has expressed deep concerns about the rise in the counterfeit and pirated goods and called for coordinated action, at all levels, to fully tackle the menace of piracy and counterfeit products.