Mali Current Affairs - 2019

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10 day state of emergency declared in Mali after terrorist attack

10 day state of emergency was delcared in the Mali by President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita following terrorist attack in country’s capital city Bamako.

Apart from declaring state of emergency, President also has declared three days of national mourning to condemn this terrorist attack.

Background

  • On 20th November 2015, Islamist militants in the Islamic Maghreb called al-Murabitoun group, affiliated to Al-Qaeda had attacked on a Radision Blu hotel in the capital Bamako killing 21 people.
  • In this terrorist siege of hotel, more than 130 hotel guests and staff including 21 Indians were held hostage by the terrorists.
  • Later they were freed when Malian Special Forces, French Special Forces and off-duty US servicemen after they stormed the hotel to break the siege.

About Mali

  • Mali is a landlocked country in West Africa and is the eighth-largest country in the African continent. The country falls in unstable Sahel region of North Africa which comprises countries affected by terrorism, ethnic conflicts and instability.
  • In 2012, a military coup led by ethnic Tuareg rebels in Mali had overthrown the democratically elected President and destabilised the northern half of the country by seizing it. The coup was followed by fighting between Tuareg and Islamist rebels.
  • Later Malian government forces along with the Western troops under a United Nations (UN) mandate led by France were able to reduce the insurgency. They also had held a democratic election to replace the military government, but the new government has little control in the northern part of country.
Map Source: BBC

United Nation and Mali government declares country Ebola-free

Mali Government has declared country Ebola free. It was announced after no new case of deadly virus was reported in last 42-day period (i.e. two incubation periods of 21 days for Ebola virus).

While, United Nations Mission for Ebola Emergency Response (UNMEER) has also declared that Mali as Ebola free.

Key facts

  • Mali was the sixth West African country to record cases of Ebola virus.
  • First case was reported in October 2014.
  • As per World Health Organisation (WHO) in Mali, in total 8 cases were reported, killing 6 of them.

According to WHO, it is the worst Ebola (viral haemorrhagic fever) outbreak in history which has infected at least 21,296 people.

Till date deadly Ebola virus has killed more than 8,400 people mostly from West African countries of Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia.