Mangalyaan Current Affairs - 2020
On April 24, 2020, the Chinese National Space Administration (CNSA) named its first Mars Exploration mission as Tianwen 1. The CNSA also announced that henceforth all the planetary missions are to be named as Tianwen series.
The announcement comes on April 24 as China has been celebrating its National Space Day on April 24 since 2016.
National Space Day of China
China celebrates its Space Day to mark the launch of its first satellite Dongfanghong-1.
Tianwen means Heavenly Questions. The Chinese Mars mission includes orbiting, landing and roving on the planet mars. Earlier in 2011, China attempted to send its exploratory probe called Yinghuo-I in a Russian spacecraft. However, the spacecraft was declared lost after it burnt during its re-entry.
World Mars Missions
So far countries such as India, Russia, European Union and United States have succeeded in sending missions to Mars. India’s mars mission was named “Mangalyaan”. It was launched in 2013 by ISRO. India was the fourth country in the world to reach Mars after Russia, USA and European Union.
Tags: China Space Programme • ISRO • Mangalyaan • Mars Mission • Mars Missions
ISRO’s globally acclaimed Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) also known as Mangalyaan completed three years in Martian orbit. It has outlived its original lifespan and is still in good health and continues to work as expected.
On the occasion of completion of three years, ISRO released MOM second year science data from September 24, 2014 to September 23, 2016.
Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM)
Mangalyaan spacecraft was launched on board of PSLV C25 rocket from Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh on November 5, 2013 with aim of studying Martian surface and mineral composition as well as scan its atmosphere for methane (an indicator of life on Mars). It had entered Mar’s orbit on September 24, 2014, in its first attempt. It was nine-month-long mission.
The spacecraft was indigenously designed, built and launched by ISRO in record period of less than two years in Rs.450 crore ($73 million US) budget, making it cheapest inter-planetary mission till date to reach Mars.
The spacecraft has five instruments mounted on it for collecting scientific data of Mar’s morphology, atmospheric processes, surface temperature, surface geology and atmospheric escape process. These five instruments are Lyman-Alpha Photometer (LAP), Methane Sensor for Mars (MSM), Mars Exospheric Neutral Composition Analyser (MENCA), Thermal Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (TIS) and Mars Colour Camera (MCC)
In September 2014, India (ISRO) created space history by becoming first nation in world to successfully launch interplanetary mission spacecraft into Mars orbit in maiden attempt. ISRO also become first Asian and fourth space agency in world to reach Mars orbit after the Roscosmos of Russia, NASA and European Space Agency.
For its enormous success in Mangalyaan mission, ISRO was conferred 2014 Indira Gandhi Peace Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development. The programme team of mission was conferred with prestigious 2015 Space Pioneer Award in Science and Engineering category by National Space Society (NSS).