Manmohan Singh Current Affairs - 2019
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Former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh (85) was selected Indira Gandhi Prize for peace, disarmament and development for his leadership of the country between 2004 and 2014 and for enhancing India’s stature globally.
He was unanimously chosen for the award by an international jury chaired by former President Pranab Mukherjee.
Born on 26 September 1932 in Gah now in Punjab, Pakistan. His family had migrated to India during partition in 1947. He had obtained his doctorate in economics from Oxford. He had worked for UN during 1966–69.
He subsequently began his bureaucratic career when Lalit Narayan Mishra hired him as an advisor in Ministry of Commerce and Industry. In 1970s and 80s, he had held several key posts in Government of India, such as Chief Economic Advisor (1972–76), Reserve Bank Governor (1982–85) and Planning Commission head (1985–87).
In 1991, he was inducted in P. V. Narasimha Rao led Government as Finance Minister when India faced a severe economic crisis. As a Finance Minister he had carried out several structural reforms that liberalised economy. He was 13th Prime Minister of India and was in office from May 2004 to May 2014. He is only the third Indian prime minister to complete two full terms as the PM.
Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development
The prestigious award accorded annually by Indira Gandhi Trust since 1986. It has been named after former prime minister Indira Gandhi. It is awarded to individuals or organizations in recognition of their creative efforts towards promoting international peace, development. It is also bestowed upon them for creating new international economic order and ensuring that scientific discoveries are used for the larger good of humanity and enlarging the scope of freedom. The award consists of monetary award of 25 lakh and a citation. Some of its earlier recipients are UNICEF (1989), Rajiv Gandhi (1991), M S Swaminathan (1999), Kofi Annan (2003), Angel Merkel (2013), Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) (2014) and UN High Commission for Refugees (2015).
Former Comptroller and Auditor General of India Vinod Rai has given UPA enough food for thought and reflection as it stands to challenge the ethical standards of UPA government. Rai, talking to media on sidelines of the launch event of his new book, “ Not just an Accountant”, shared that some ministers from UPA government had pressurized him to remove their names from CAG reports in both CWG and Coalgate scams. He went on to state that he was under constant and great pressure from the government to work according in their favor.
This is alarming indeed as this is the third book which has been released in the span of last 6 months and which has boldly highlighted the extent of manipulations done by UPA to keep their image clean especially in the wake of elections. The first book to make news and hold such tall claims was Sanjay Baru’s , “An Accidental Prime Minister”, followed by Natwar Singh’s , “One Life is not Enough”. All three books have spelt trouble for UPA alliance as they brought to the public eye gross irregularities and total disregard of the public sentiment for vested interests.
The last 2 books although challenged by the UPA government have definitely opened the Pandora’s box which will reveal many other secrets of the red beacon people at the Centre during UPA times in India. It is not hidden that there were a lot of scams during both the tenures of Manmohan Singh’s government. He was also repeatedly criticized by the media and other experts for not being a strong PM and voicing his opinions on matters of grave importance.
These 3 books have just reiterated the same sentiment and has reinforced the views of the public which led to a dismal defeat of UPA in the general elections. UPA who was not even allowed 10% representation in the Parliament by the public in 2014 elections, has been trying up its ante against minor policy changes and directions of the current government. The leaders are trying hard to get the LoP seat and are commenting on lack of considerable performance of Modi government in its first 100 days, but the truth of the matter is that they have forgotten their own misrule which had given high CAD, inflation and scams.
UPA if clean has to come up with concrete evidence to refute the charges being levied against them via various books or they should be able to brave them grace and humble acceptance. Vinod Rai’s book will hit the shelves on September 15, 2014 and will be picked like hot cakes. The 15 chapters will make a worth read for every Indian who wishes to know how the ex-PM himself succumbed to what he himself once described as ‘compulsions of coalition politics’.