Marathwada region Current Affairs - 2019
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Central Government, Maharashtra Government have signed US $420 million loan agreement with World Bank for Project for Climate Resilient Agriculture to help small and marginal farmers in Marathwada and Vidarbha regions of Maharashtra. The loan will be provided from World Bank’s International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD). It will have maturity of 24 years and grace period of 6 years.
Maharashtra Project for Climate Resilient Agriculture
The project aims to help in increasing climate resilient practices in agriculture and ensuring that farming continues to remain a financially viable activity for them. It will be implemented in rural areas largely dependent upon rain fed agriculture. It will take up series of activities at farm and watershed level.
It will help to scale up climate-resilient technologies such as micro irrigation systems, expand surface water storage and facilitate aquifer recharge, directly contributing to more efficient use of scarce water resources. It will help reduce risks of climate-related crop failure and enhance farmer’s income by adopting climate-resilient seed varieties that are drought, salt tolerant and heat resistant.
It will help to mainstream climate resilient agriculture agenda in various local institutions that deliver agricultural services to farming community. It will also help to improve capacity of farmer producers organizations to operate as sustainable, market-oriented enterprises.
This project is expected to benefit over 7 million people that are spread over area of 3.0 million hectares and cover 5142 villages across 15 most climate vulnerable districts of Maharashtra. It will help to mitigate emission of Green House Gases (GHGs) through carbon sequestration which involves planting trees in upper catchment areas and afforestation. It will also support Maharashtra government to shift towards new paradigm that puts climate resilience at core of agricultural growth and rural development in the state.
The Ministry of Railways has decided to set up of a massive rail coach factory in Latur district i.e. in Marathwada region of Maharashtra. It will help to generate employment opportunities and bring economic development in Marathwada region which is one of the most Backward Parts of Maharashtra.
This plant will manufacture Electric Multiple Units for suburban trains and coaches for metros. Work on this plant will be done on high priority with fast track processing of all approvals. Maharashtra Government has offered several concessions for this project including in land, taxes and etc.
This project will massively benefit ‘Make in India’ initiative and bring employment to large number of people. In addition, it will create industrial ecosystem in drought prone region of Marathawada, boosting shift from agriculture to industry.
Marathwada region where Latur lies is amongst most backward areas of Maharashtra. It may be noted that the region suffers from heavy migration to other parts of the country. There have been few central government projects in this region.