Marine Living Resources Current Affairs - 2020

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MECOS-3, 2020: Global Marine Ecosystem Meet in Kochi

The Marine Ecosystems-Challenges and Opportunities (MECOS), the third international symposium is to be held in Kochi. The symposium is conducted by the Marine Biological association of India between January 7, 2020 and January 10, 2020.

Highlights

Scientists, Fisheries researchers, Marine biotechnologists and oceanographers from all over the world are to participate in the meet. The symposium will act as a common platform for the experts to discuss on climate crisis, unusual warming of Arabian Sea, ocean acidification, etc. It will discuss development of small-scale fisheries, green fishing technologies and eco-labelling. The symposium will review concerns of marine ecosystem and will formulate new strategies for sustainable utilisation of marine wealth.

The Conference is important because billions of people rely on oceans for their jobs and food. A Healthy ocean is also important for economic growth and food production.

SDG-14

The symposium is to focus on the Sustainable Development Goal of the United Nations, SDG-14. SDG-14 says, “Conserve and Sustainably use the oceans and its resources for sustainable development”

Significance

Ocean acidification that is caused due to uptake of carbon-dioxide has changed the chemical composition of the seawaters. According to the United Nations, over the past 30 years, acidity has increased by 26% since pre-industrial times. The marine fish stocks that are at biologically sustainable levels have declined from 90% (1974) to 99.9% (2015).

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New campus of Centre for Marine Living Resources and Ecology Inaugurated

Union Minister for Earth Sciences, Dr Harsh Vardhan inaugurated Atal Bhavan,  the new campus of Centre for Marine Living Resources and Ecology (CMLRE), at Puthuvype, Cochin, in Kerala.

Centre for Marine Living Resources & Ecology

The Centre for Marine Living Resources & Ecology (CMLRE) under the Ministry of Earth Science is organizing, coordinating and promoting ocean development activities in the country which includes mapping of the living resources, preparing inventory of commercially exploitable living marine resources, their optimum utilization through ecosystem management and R&D in basic sciences on Marine Living Resources and Ecology.

Mandate of CMLRE
  • To develop management strategies for marine living resources through Ecosystem monitoring and modelling efforts.
  • Evolving, coordinating and implementing time targeted national /regional R&D programmes in the field of marine living resources and ecology through effective utilisation of Fishery and Oceanographic Research Vessel Sagar Sampada.
  • Strengthening of research on marine living resources and Ecology including the establishment of a data centre for storage and dissemination of data/ information to end users.
  • Coordinating the national programmes relating to Southern Ocean Living Resources (Antarctic marine living resources).

CMLRE was established at Kochi in 1998 by upgrading the erstwhile Sagar Sampada Cell with exclusive facilities for implementing the Marine Living Resources Programme.

Marine Living Resources Programme envisages survey, assessment and exploitation of the marine living resources and studies on the response of marine resources to changes in the physical environment. The studies are undertaken with an objective of developing an ecosystem model for the management of the living resources in the Indian EEZ. The Fishery Oceanographic Vessel Sagar Sampada is fully utilized for these studies.

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