Maritime Security Current Affairs - 2019

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OPV Vijaya: Indian Coast Guard patrol vessel launched

The second indigenously built offshore patrol vessel (OPV) named Vijaya built by Larsen and Toubro (L&T) Shipyard for Indian Coast Guard (ICG) was launched at Kattupalli Shipyard, Tamil Nadu. It is expected to be inducted into service by September 2018 after trials on the equipment.

OPV Vijaya

The OPV is 98 metre long and 14.8 metres wide with gross tonnage of 2,100 tonnes. It has endurance of 5,000 nautical miles with cruising speed of 12-14 knots which can be increased to 26 knots. The ship is fitted with two units of diesel driven engines of 9,000 kw each with low fuel consumption.

It is equipped with state-of art radar, navigational and communication system. It will be utilised for day and night patrol and surveillance, anti-terrorist, anti-smuggling operations and coastal security. It is fitted with 30 mm automatic gun with Fire Control System (FCS) and two units of 12.7 mm gun with FCS.

Its navigation and communication system are capable of operating in tropical conditions. It also has capacity to carry one integral twin engine helicopter which will further enhance operational, surveillance, search and rescue capability. It will be manned by 102 crew, including 14 officers.

Background

The Defence Ministry as part of rapid expansion of Indian Coast Guard to strengthen maritime security mechanism had signed Rs 1,432 crore contract with L&T Shipyard at Kattupalli to indigenously design and build seven OPVs. The first OPV named Vikarm as part of the deal was launched in October 2017. It was country’s first-ever such defence craft to be built in private shipyard. It will be inducted into service by March 2018 after completing necessary trials on fitted equipment and machineries.

Sri Lankan Coast Guard commissions OPV SURAKSHA gifted by India

Sri Lankan Coast Guard has commissioned Offshore Patrol Vessel (OPV) SURAKSHA gifted by India at Colombo port. It is first OPV of Sri Lankan Coast Guard.

Sri Lankan Coast Guard Ship (SLCGS) Suraksha earlier belonged to Indian Coast Guard (ICG) and was known as Varuna. It was officially handed over to Sri Lanka Navy at ceremony held at Kochi Port in India in September 2017.

SLCGS Suraksha

SLCGS Suraksha is 74.10m in length and 11.4m in breadth. It has displacement of 1,160 tons. It can sail at speed of 22 nautical miles per hour. It can cover 8,500 nautical miles maintaining speed of 16 nautical miles per hour. It is manned by crew of 14 officers and 86 sailors.

It will be used by Sri Lanka Coast Guard for patrolling and surveillance in Sri Lanka waters, humanitarian assistance and disaster response operations, prevention of maritime pollution as well as training purposes. Besides it play a crucial role in strengthening the Sri Lanka’s naval capabilities

INCG Varuna

It was inducted into Indian Coast Guard in February 1988 and provided three decades of service in India. ‎It was fourth of in its class of OFV built by the Mumbai-based Mazagon Dock. It has numerous operational achievements and had recorded a number of arrests of smugglers with gold worth several crore in the late 1980s. It was used as cadet training ship for the last 10 years and was part of the 1st Training Squadron (1 TS) of the Indian Navy which trains officer sea trainees of both the Navy as well as the Coast Guard.