Market Capitalisation Current Affairs
Mukesh Ambani-led oil-to-telecom behemoth Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL) became first Indian company to cross Rs 8 lakh crore ($114 billion) market capitalisation. This record m-cap of RIL also bumped up Mukesh Ambani’s (India’s richest man) wealth to over $48 billion (according to Bloomberg Billionaires Index). M-cap is value of company that is traded on stock market, calculated by multiplying total number of shares by present share price.
RIL achieved Rs 8 lakh crore m-cap feat, after its shares rose by 1.86% to close at a record high of Rs 1,269.70 on Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) in intra-day trade, elevating its market cap to Rs 8.05 lakh crore. So far this year, RIL shares surged over 38 per cent.
RIL added the latest Rs 1 trillion in market cap in just 23 trading sessions. It had first crossed Rs 7-trillion market cap in July 2018 (for second time after it had achieved $100 billion m-cap and for first time in 2007). It took 181 trading days to move from Rs 6 trillion to Rs 7 trillion m-cap. Currently, RIL’s market value accounts for 5% of India’s total market cap.
The market valuation of RIL is considerably higher than IT giant Tata Consultancy Services (TCS’) Rs 7,77,870 crore m-cap. TCS was first Indian IT company to reach Rs. 7 lakh crore ($100 billion club) market capitalisation (m-cap) milestone in May 2018 and second company after to achieve milestone after RIL.
Reliance Industries Limited (RIL)
It is an Indian conglomerate company founded in 1977 by Dhirubhai Ambani. It is headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. At present, Mukesh Ambani is its Chairman and MD of RIL and owns about 47% stake in it.
RIL is engaged in energy, petrochemicals, textiles, natural resources, retail, and telecommunications. It is second largest company in India as measured by revenue after government-controlled Indian Oil Corporation. It is ranked 203rd on the Fortune Global 500 list of the world’s biggest corporations as of 2017. It is ranked 8th among the Top 250 Global Energy Companies by Platts as of 2016.
India’s IT major Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) became first listed company in India to close day’s trade with market capitalisation (m cap) of over Rs. 7 lakh crore (over $103 billion). M cap is value of company that is traded on stock market, calculated by multiplying total number of shares by present share price.
TCS achieved this feat after its board approved share buyback of 76,190,476 equity shares of Rs. 1 face value at Rs. 2,100 per share for about Rs. 16,000 crore (over $2 billion). The buyback size was 1.99% of the total paid-up equity share capital.
This is second time the global software major resorted to buy back its shares after it bought 5.61 crore shares in April 2017 for Rs. 16,000 crore at Rs. 2,850 per share.
The buyback was made from shareholders of Company on proportionate basis under tender offer route using stock exchange mechanism in accordance with provisions contained in SEBI (Buy Back of Securities) Regulations and Companies Act, 2013 and rules made thereunder.