Martyrs Day Current Affairs - 2019
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On March 23rd, India observed Shaheed Divas or Martyr’s Day as a tribute to the Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru on their death anniversary. The supreme sacrifice of these revolutionaries continues to inspire generations in India.
Sacrifice of Great Revolutionaries
Bhagat Singh along with his associates Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru were hanged to death for the killing 21-year-old British police officer John Saunders on March 23rd 1931.
The revolutionaries had mistaken Saunders for Superintendent James Scott, who was responsible for leading a lathi charge against Lala Lajpat Rai protesting against the Simon Commission. Lala Lajpat Rai famously referred to as Lion of Punjab had died due to the attack during the protests against the Simon Commission.
After escaping from the murder scene of Saunders, Bhagat Singh with his associate Batukeshwar Dutt had bombed the Delhi Central Assembly against the passing of two repressive bills, the Public Safety Bill and the Trade Dispute Bill. The bombs were designed to be harmless and aimed at drawing attention. Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt had surrendered themselves to police after the incident.
January 30 which marks the death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi is also observed as the Martyrs Day to honour our brave martyrs who have sacrificed their lives for the country.
Tags: Batukeshwar Dutt • Bhagat Singh • Delhi Central Assembly • James Scott • John Saunders • Lala Lajpat Rai • Lion of Punjab • Mahatma Gandhi • Martyrs Day • Public Safety Bill • Rajguru • Shaheed Diwas • Simon Commission • Sukhdev • Trade Dispute Bill
January 30 is celebrated as Martyrs Day to honour the brave martyrs of India who have sacrificed their lives for the country.
Why January 30 is celebrated as Martyrs Day?
January 30 marks the death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. On January 30, 1948, at the age of 78, Mahatma Gandhiji, Father of the Nation was assassinated by Nathuram Godse.
There were warnings about life threats to Gandhiji, Gandhiji refused to toe the government’s stand that he required security. Gandhiji threatened to leave Delhi if protection was thrust upon him. His associates cite that had he accepted security his assassination could have been averted.
How it is celebrated?
On the occasion of Martyrs Day, the President, the Vice President, the Prime Minister, the Defence Minister, and the three Service Chiefs gather at the Gandhiji’s samadhi at Raj Ghat memorial and lay wreaths. Bugles are blown sounding the Last Post. A two-minute silence in memory of Indian martyrs is observed across the country at 11 AM and participants hold all-religion prayers and sing tributes in the honour of Martyrs.
March 23 which is the death anniversary of Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar is also celebrated as Martyrs Day in the State of Punjab.
Tags: Assassination of Gandhiji • Bhagat Singh • Mahatma Gandhi • Martyrs • Martyrs Day • Nathuram Godse • Partition Of India • President • Prime Minister • Raj Ghat • Shivaram Rajguru • Sukhdev Thapar • Union Defence Minister • Vice President