Medical Current Affairs - 2020

Navaratnalu Pedalandariki Illu Programme: 25 lakh poor to get houses in AP

On March 31, 2020, the Government of Andhra Pradesh modified the guidelines of Navatatnalu-Pedalandariki Illu programme. The scheme is called “Houses for all the poor”. The guidelines were changed based on the directions of the High Court.


Under the scheme, house sites are to be allotted to the poor at Re 1 to the poor with white ration cards. The State Government is to collect Rs 20 from the people (Rs 10 for stamp paper charges and Rs 10 for lamination charges).

The Beneficiaries shall use these sited to construct houses.

Other Rules

The beneficiaries have to compulsorily construct houses only. They cannot sell the sites. However, they can sell the houses after occupying them for a minimum of five years.

The site was to be distributed on Ugadi. However, it was postponed due to the threat of COVID-19 and local body elections.


The “Navartnalu” is a flagship scheme of the Andhra Pradesh Government. There are nine (Navaratna) welfare schemes.

YSR Rythu Bharosa

Under the scheme, the AP government is to offer Rs 50,000 financial assistance to farmers. From the second year of the scheme, every family will receive Rs 12,500. Apart from this under this scheme, the AP government will also offer free bore wells and 0% interest loans.

Fee Reimbursement

Under this scheme, Rs 20,000 allowance is to be provided to every student as fee reimbursement


The scheme is applicable to all the medical treatments above Rs 1000. The State Government under the scheme would bear all the medical expenses.


The Government would take up completion of Polavaram project, thereby helping the farmers greatly in irrigation projects

Ban on Alcohol

Amma Vodi

Under the scheme Rs 15,000 was provided as assistance funds to all the mothers of school going children. The only condition was that the mothers should belong to Below Poverty Line.


The scheme issued 0% interest loans to backward communities, women, SC, ST of age above 45 years.

Pensionla Pempu

Senior citizens to receive Rs 2000 and the physically challenged were to receive Rs 3,000.

National Cancer Institute (NCI) opened in Jhajjar, Haryana

India’s largest Cancer Institute, National Cancer Institute (NCI), has opened on 18th December 2018 in Jhajjar, Haryana for public services. The National Cancer Institute will be formally inaugurated in January 2019.

The National Cancer Institute has been established under a project of Delhi’s All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS). Dr G.K. Rath, head of Institute Rotary Cancer hospital at All India Institute of Medical Sciences in Delhi, will head the NCI.

About the National Cancer Institute:

  • The NCI is built at a cost of Rs 2,035 crore. Presently, NCI has a total of 710 beds out of which 200 beds have been dedicated for the treatment of cancer patients based on research protocols.
  • The  National Cancer Institute (NCI) will act as the nodal institution for all cancer-related activities in India.
  • It will be linked to regional cancer centres and other cancer institutes of India.
  • The NCI will be the premier institute for cancer treatment and research. It is tasked to conduct basic and applied research in areas like molecular biology, genomics, proteomics, cancer epidemiology, radiation biology, cancer vaccines and more.
  • It will work towards evolving new cancer control strategies, which include new models of prevention, early diagnosis and therapy, for the developing nations.
  • Development of human resource in various branches of cancer management is another area where NCI will work. 
  • NCI will also have the facilities for training and capacity building in cancer treatment.
  • The NCI will have equipment with advanced and latest technology to learn more about cancer.
  • NCI will assist other regional cancer centres in research activities.

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) will help to take off some patient load from AIIMS which presently receives about 1000 patients every day. Although the doctors have started OPDs in the NCI, the full functioning of all the departments of the National Cancer Institute will commence in January 2019.