Medical Current Affairs

Peru approves medicinal use of marijuana

The Peruvian Congress has approved a bill to authorises the medicinal and therapeutic use of cannabis (marijuana) in the country. It makes production, import and commercial sale of marijuana and its derivatives legal.

With this Peru became sixth country in Latin America to legalise cannabis. Uruguay was first in 2013, allowing sales of cannabis any purpose.  It was followed by Mexico, Argentina, Colombia and Chile.

Marijuana

Marijuana is greenish-gray mixture of dried, shredded leaves, stems, seeds and flowers of Cannabis sativa – the hemp plant. Most people smoke marijuana, though it can also be used in other forms such as edibles, powders and oils. It used for controlling pain for medical issues, like cancer, nervous system diseases, glaucoma, migraines, etc and also used to treat nausea and improve appetites for people with HIV or other chronic illnesses.

The health effects of marijuana use can lead to a rapid heart rate, increase blood pressure, red eyes, dry mouth, increased appetite and slowed reaction time in short term. In long term, daily use of marijuana during adolescent years may result in impaired learning, memory and decreased IQ.

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Union Cabinet approves establishment of new AIIMS at Gorakhpur

The Union Cabinet has given its approval for establishment of new All India Institutes of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) at Gorakhpur in Uttar Pradesh.

It will be established under Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY) which aims at correcting imbalances in the availability of affordable healthcare facilities in different parts of country and also augmenting facilities for quality medical education in under-served states.

Key Facts

  • The AIIMS, Gorakhpur will have a hospital with capacity of 750 beds which will include Emergency/Trauma Beds, AYUSH Beds, Super Speciality beds and Private Beds and ICU Speciality.
  • In addition, it will have an Administration Block, Auditorium, AYUSH Block, Night Shelter, residential facilities and Hostels.
  • The cost of project for establishment of the AIIMS Gorakhpur will be 1011 crore rupees. It does not include recurring costs (wages, salaries and operation & maintenance expenses).
  • AIIMS will meet its recurring expenditure from their annual budgets through Grant-in-Aid provided from Plan Budget Head of PMSSY of Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
  • The establishment of AIIMS, Gorakhpur will serve the dual purpose of providing super specialty health care to the population while creating a large pool of doctors and other health workers in this region.

Background

  • Under the Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY), AIIMS have been established in Bhopal, Bhubaneshwar, Jodhpur, Raipur, Rishikesh and Patna.
  • The work of AIIMS at Rae Bareli is in progress. Besides, three new AIIMS in Nagpur (Maharashtra), Kalyani (West) and Mangalagiri in Guntur (Andhra Pradesh) also have been sanctioned in 2015.

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