Medical Council of India Current Affairs - 2019

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Cabinet approves setting up of National Medical Commission replacing MCI

Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved National Medical Commission Bill, 2019 which provides for setting up of a National Medical Commission in place of Medical Council of India (MCI) so as to usher comprehensive reforms in the medical education sector. The Bill also seeks to repeal Indian Medical Council Act 1956.

Key Features of Bill

Common final year MBBS Exams (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) will be known as National Exit Test (NEXT) which would serve as Licentiate Exam, for entrance to Post Graduate (PG) medical course and as screening test of foreign medical graduates.

It provides that National Entrance Test i.e. NEET, Common Counselling, NEXT will also be applicable to Institutes of National Importance (INIs) such as AIIMS to have common standards in country.

National Medical Commission: NMC, an autonomous commission will regulate fee and all other charges for 50% seats in private medical colleges and deemed universities.

NMC will ensure a transparent admission process and also reduce admission fee, and regulate fee in private colleges as well.

NMC will have 4 Autonomous Boards,

  1. Under-Graduate Medical Education Board
  2. Post-Graduate Medical Education Board
  3. Medical Assessment and Rating Board
  4. Ethics and Medical Registration Board

NMC and respective boards will work towards ensuring a dynamic and modern educational environment, decreasing emphasis on physical infrastructure, achieving norms in global standards and an effective grievance redressal mechanism.

Significance: These new measures will ensure a transparent admission process and will also bring down admission fee.

Criticism: NMC Bill is being pushed by Centre amid resistance from Indian Medical Association (IMA) and other sections. The Bill has been facing flak over various issues and IMA, the apex medical body has claimed that replacing MCI with another body may attract new forms of corruption.

India has adequate number of healthcare professionals: Survey

In a recent study carried out by researchers from Indian Institute of Public Health (IIPH), Gurugram on ‘Size, composition and distribution of human resource for health in India: New estimates using National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) and Registry institutions’ data’ has revealed that India has an adequate number of health professionals.

Key Highlights of Study

Data Based on: The study is based on data collected from registry institutions and estimated data from NSSO 2011-2012 to projected population as of on 1 January 2016.

The study used National Sample Survey data (NSSO 2011-2012) and projected Human Resource for Health (HRH) number for 2016 using census projection and worker participation rate. In addition to this survey also used 2017 registry data of health professionals including Medical Council of India (MCI), India Nursing Council (INC), Dental Council of India (DCI) and other professional associations.

Subject: It addresses issue of distribution of Human Resource for Health (HRH) in India.

It found that in India about 71% of people living in a rural area whereas 36% of all health workers are deployed in rural areas.

Density of Total Health Workers: is estimated to be 29 per 10,000 populations. This is based on NSSO and 38 per 10,000 population based on registration data, which is close to World Health Organisation’s (WHO’s) minimum threshold of 22.8 health workers per 10,000 population.

Disparity in density of doctors and nurses across India: is reported by study. As per it the number of doctors in Kerala and Union Territories (UTs) is high as compared to larger states such as Rajasthan, Jharkhand and Bihar.