Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Current Affairs - 2020

CSIR develop new technology of Geranium Production

CSIR (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research) has developed a new low-cost technology to produce Geranium saplings. Geranium acts as an anti-inflammatory and anti-septic agent. It has several medicinal values. The development has been made under Aroma Mission.

About the Technology

The geranium cultivation is being done in aerated glass house currently. With the help of the new technology, geranium can be cultivated at farms just like every other crop.

Also, the other major problem of Geranium cultivation is availability of saplings. The saplings become expensive as the crop gets ruined in rainy season. With the new technology, the saplings can easily be obtained as they are being cultivated in open farms.

Geranium

The plant is originally from South Africa and is predominantly used in manufacturing essential oils. November is the best suitable sowing season of Geranium. In India, the plant is cultivated in Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and North Easter Regions.

Aroma Mission

The mission was launched to boost cultivation of aromatic crops and medicinal plants. It includes rosemary, lavender and lemon grass. It aims to help farmers fight climate change in rural areas. Under the mission the crops are to be promoted in unproductive and waste lands. It also includes lands that are affected by drought, salinity, water scarcity and floods.

CSIR-CIMAP signs MoU with IORA to host coordinating centre on medicinal plants

Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) has entered into MoU with Indian Ocean Rim Association’s (IORA’s) Regional Centre for Science and Technology Transfer (RCSTT) for designating Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow (CSIR-CIMAP) as Coordinating Centre on Medicinal Plants.

Key Facts

The IORA Centre at CSIR-CIMAP will establish database on important medicinal plants, their value added products, related experts and industries of IORA member states. It will also organize meetings and training programmes to promote trade, commerce and scientific exchanges to complement strength and limitation of member states. The IORA is association of 21 countries and 7 dialogue partners which have identified six areas of cooperation including medicinal plants.

Significance

The Coordination Centre will promote cooperation in area of traditional knowledge related to medicinal plants for welfare of people of IORA member states. It will also provide opportunity for two important member states of IORA (India and Iran) to enhance cooperation between them.

IORA Regional Centre for Science and Technology Transfer (IORA RCSTT)

IORA RCSTT intergovernmental regional organization established in October 2008 pursuant to recommendation of Academic Group of IORA. It is headquartered in Tehran, Iran. It has the status of the subsidiary body of the IORA, functioning under authority of IORA secretariat and IORA Council of Ministers

Objectives

  • Develope centre of excellence to facilitate transfer of technology at regional level with open regionalism.
  • Assist Member States and dialogue partners of IORA to institutionalize joint efforts aimed at commercializing of technology with strategic value for region
  • Provide national focal points with platform to supply technical support and coordinate direction for projects of RCSTT in form of regional clustering and networking of key stakeholders at the international and domestic levels
  • Serve as a bridge to link the region to relevant international centers of excellence
  • Facilitate joint technology development, dissemination and commercialization among Member states