Meghalaya Current Affairs - 2019
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The government has introduced the 125th Constitutional Amendment Bill in the Parliament to increase the financial and executive powers of the 10 Autonomous Councils in the Sixth Schedule areas of the northeastern region.
Features of the Amendment Bill
The salient features of the 125th Constitutional Amendment Bill which will impact one crore tribal people in Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram are:
- The amendments proposed provide for elected village municipal councils, ensuring democracy at the grass-root level.
- The amendment empowers the village councils to prepare plans for economic development and social justice including those related to agriculture, land improvement, implementation of land reforms, minor irrigation, water management, animal husbandry, rural electrification, small scale industries and social forestry.
- The amendment bill mandates the finance commission to recommend devolution of financial resources to these autonomous councils. The Autonomous Councils are dependent on grants from Central ministries and the State government for specific projects.
- The amendment bill also reserve one-third of the seats for women in the village and municipal councils in the Sixth Schedule areas of Assam, Mizoram and
The bill to empower the Autonomous Councils was announced by the government last month in the backdrop of the protests in the North-East following the passage of the Citizenship Amendment Bill, 2019, in the Lok Sabha.
The government of Meghalaya has decided to rename the Dikkibandi stadium after P A Sangma. The decision was made by the state cabinet as per the recommendations made by state naming authority tasked with the job to name roads, and institutions after personalities. Along with the Dikkibandi stadium, a junction leading to AMPT road in Tura have been renamed after P A Sangma.
P A Sangma
Purno Agitok Sangma has served as the Speaker of the Lok Sabha and the Chief Minister of Meghalaya. He began his political journey with the Congress party and represented the Tura constituency of Meghalaya in Lok Sabha multiple times.
P A Sangma served as the Chief Minister of Meghalaya from 1988 to 1990. He formed the Nationalist Congress Party in 1999 along with Sharad Pawar and Tariq Anwar.
He contested the elections for the post of President of India in 2012 and lost the elections to Pranab Mukherjee. P A Sangma died from cardiac arrest in New Delhi on 4 March 2016 at the age of 68.