MeitY Current Affairs - 2020

India’s first Electronic Manufacturing Cluster to be set up in Andhra Pradesh

India’s first Electronic Manufacturing Cluster (EMC) will be coming to Andhra Pradesh. EMC has been designed and developed for providing facilities and amenities for manufacturing mobiles and allied products.

The Union Government, through Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeiTY) in 2012 had announced about setting up EMC in India, with grant-in-aid for establishing such clusters.

Key Facts

In 2015, Andhra Pradesh Government had announced first exclusive mobile and electronic manufacturing cluster in the new capital city Amaravati. State Government had allotted 113.27 acres of land for new cluster, through Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation (APIIC).

For this purpose, a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) called Sri Venkateswara Mobiles and Electronics Manufacturing Hub Private Limited was formed. The foundation stone was laid by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2015. The SPV Company has applied for final approval of project to Union Government. Three major Indian mobile manufacturers – Celkon, Karbonn and Lava have come forward to establish their units in EMC.

Besides, an anchor unit has been formed in name of Seven Hills Digital Park Private Limited (SHDPPL) for three companies. It will be involved in manufacturing of accessories to mobile phones and other related electronic equipment. The EMC will generate around 50,000 jobs every year.

MeitY launches first NIC-CERT to prevent, predict cyberattacks on government utilities

The Union Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) launched first NIC-CERT, a setup of National Informatics Centre (NIC) to prevent and predict cyber-attacks on government utilities.

It was launched by Union Minister of Law & Justice and Electronics & Information Technology Ravi Shankar Prasad in New Delhi as part of Digital India Initiative.

NIC-CERT

The NIC-CERT will monitor and help in early detection and mitigation of cyberattacks on government networks. It has been setup with objective of creating comprehensive framework that integrates world class security components and inbuilt threat intelligence for detection, prevention and incident response.

It will operate in close co-ordination and collaboration with other sectoral CERTs and more so with CERT-In. Using advance tools, NIC-CERT team will correlate events that would help in generating canvas of attack surface and identify vulnerabilities and possible exploits. The PAN-India connectivity of NIC coupled with its enhanced ability to detect and prevent attacks will collectively upscale NIC-CERT capability to protect government’s data.

Background

Government has introduced a lot of its services online as part of its Digital India initiatives which has made the services easily accessible to citizens. But at the same time it also has exposed them to threats and vulnerabilities that are an inherent part of cyberspace. In recent past there has been an exponential growth in cyberattacks leading to concerns of data theft. The government had already announced setting up of sectoral CERTs (computer emergency response teams) for sectors such as finance and power.

National Informatics Centre (NIC)

The NIC (Rashtriya Suchna Vigyan Kendra) is premier science & technology organisation of Government in informatics services and information and communication technology (ICT) applications. It is a part of MeitY’s Department of Electronics & Information Technology. It was established in 1976.

It plays a pivotal role in steering e-governance applications in governmental departments at national, state and district levels, thus enabling improvement and wider transparency in government services. Almost all Indian-government websites are developed and managed by NIC.