MERS Current Affairs - 2020

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Four Mega Trials of COVID-19 Treatment launched by WHO

The World Health Organization recently launched a mega trial of four most promising corona virus treatments. The organization focuses on repurpose drugs that have already been approved to be safe rather than finding new compounds from the scratch.

What are the four trials?

The WHO is testing four most promising treatments to combat the virus. It includes

  • Remdesivir, an anti-viral compound
  • Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine, the Malarial medications
  • Combination of Lopinavir and Ritonavir, HIV drugs
  • Interferon-beta along with the combination of Lopinavir and Ritonavir


The drug was found to treat E-Bola viral infections. The E-bola outbreak broke out in Congo. The drug has been proved that it inhibits other Corona Virus Stains called SARS and MERS.

Chloroquine and HydroxyCholoroquine

This combination that is used to treat Malaria is another method that is being put under trial to treat Corona Virus. These drugs are being prescribed in India currently for the asymptomatic persons that come in direct contact with the persons infected with the virus.

Lopinavir and Ritonavir

The drugs were invented in the US in 2000. They have shown great efficacy in persons infected with MERS virus.

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WHO names the new Corona Virus: “COVID-19”

On February 11, 2020, the World Health Organization announced a new name for the Corona Virus, “COVID-19”. Today more than 42,000 are infected with the virus according to the organization.


WHO has chosen the name with no reference to geographical location. According to WHO, the name was chosen in such away that it does not affect normal lives of a country.


MERS is Middle East Respiratory Syndrome. It is a deadly Corona Virus strain that was first reported in Saudi Arabia and created havoc in China greatly. However, the name of the virus has created a fact that there is something about the middle east region that causes MERS viral infection.


In 2009, swine flu created pandemic. It has now been renamed to H1N1 as its strain was similar to that of the influenza virus. The influenza virus is known to circulate among pigs. Though there was no evidence that H1N1 circulates in a similar way, it affected the sales of pork greatly that year. Therefore, it is important for WHO to choose the name of the viruses very carefully.

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