Migrants Current Affairs - 2019
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The International Migrants Day 2018 observed on 18th December 2018 across the world. In accordance with the Resolution 55/93 of the United Nations General Assembly(UNGA), the International Migrants Day is observed every year on 18 December. The Resolution 55/93 was adopted by UN on 4th December 2000.
Also, Resolution 45/158 which is a resolution on the ‘International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families’ was adopted by the UNGA on 18th December 1990.
On this day many intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in different countries disseminate information on human rights and fundamental political freedoms of migrants among the people. The design of actions for the protection of migrants and experiences of migrants are also shared with the public. Making the voice of migrants heard is the main motive of celebrating this day.
The theme of International Migrants Day 2018 is “Migration with Dignity”. The reason for choosing this theme is that around 3,400 migrants and refugees died worldwide in 2018. The United Nations have given a call for migration that is safe, regular and dignified for everyone.
UN Secretary-General António Guterres on this day stated that Migration is a powerful driver of economic growth, that allows people to seek new opportunities. Migration benefits both the communities at the origin and destination.
The United Nations (UN) International Migrants Day is observed every year on December 18 to rcreate awareness about the protection and safety of the migrants. It also recognize efforts, contributions and rights of workers and members of their families worldwide. The theme for year 2017 is “Safe Migration in a World on the Move”.
Protection of refugees and migrants
In September 2016, United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) had adopted set of commitments during its first ever summit on large movements of refugees and migrants to enhance protection of refugees and migrants. These commitments collectively are known as New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants (NY Declaration).
The New York Declaration reaffirms importance of international protection regime and represents commitment by UN member states to strengthen and enhance mechanisms to protect people on move. It paves way for adoption of two new global compacts in 2018: global compact on refugees and global compact for safe, orderly and regular migration.
The UNGA had proclaimed 18 December as International Migrants Day after taking into account large and increasing number of migrants in the world in December 2000. This day marks adaptation of international convention on the protection of the rights of migrant workers and members of their families (resolution 45/158) by UNGA on 18 December 1990.