Military Coup Current Affairs - 2020

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King Maha Vajiralongkorn officially crowned Rama X of Thailand

Thailand officially crowned its new King Maha Vajiralongkorn with Great Crown of Victory’ (one of five Royal Regalia i.e. symbols of kingship). He received a symbolic nine-tiered umbrella conferring him as ‘King Rama X of Thailand’. This coronation ceremony marks first ascension of a new monarch in past seven decades.

King Maha Vajiralongkorn

  • He became crown prince and official heir to throne in 1972.
  • He has been on throne since 2016, but according to Thai tradition he cannot be considered a divine representative on Earth nor main patron of Buddhism until he is consecrated (declared sacred). For this three day coronation ceremony began in Bangkok on 4 May 2019.
  • He is now titled Rama X, (or 10th monarch of the Chakri dynasty).
  • Chakri dynasty, has been reigning since 1782. The last coronation was held for king’s father Bhumibol Adulyadej in 1950.
  • He recently married to his royal consort who would now be new Queen Suthida. This is kings forth marriage.

About Thailand

  • Thailand has a constitutional monarchy, but royal family is highly respected by Thais and holds considerable power. The country also has strict laws, known as ‘lese majeste’, which bans public criticism of monarchy. It thus shields royal family from public view and scrutiny.

Current Developments

  • Thailand is being run by an arch-royalist junta since 2014 military coup.
  • Even after general election held on 24 March 2019 (first since 2014 army coup) a new government is yet to be declared.
  • Although monarchy takes primacy in country but it is supported by the army.

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Turkey declares three-month state of emergency after a failed military coup

Turkey has declared three-month state of emergency after a failed military coup to overthrow the democratically elected government.

Announcement in this regard was taken by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan after a meeting with Cabinet ministers and top security advisers in Ankara.

Three-month state of emergency was declared as measure to counter threats to Turkish democracy. The emergency allows officials to set curfews, issue search and arrests warrants and restrict gatherings.

2016 military coup in Turkey

  • The 2016 military coup in Turkey was attempted against the ruling Justice and Development Party Government led by President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. However it failed to overthrow ruling democratically elected government and ended one day later.
  • The coup was carried out by a faction within the Turkish Armed Forces under a council calling itself the Peace at Home Council. It had attempted to seize control of several key places in Istanbul, Ankara and elsewhere across the Turkey.
  • It is said that the coup to overthrow government was undertaken due eroding secularism, human rights, democracy and international reputation of Turkey under the current government.
  • The forces loyal to President Erdogan toppled the coup and took control of military factions that tried to overthrow Turkey’s democratically government and military leadership with military rule.
  • The Turkish Government has blamed soldiers linked to the Gülen movement—a group designated as a terrorist organization led by Fethullah Gülen were behind the coup.
  • However, Fethullah Gülen has condemned the coup and denied any involvement.

Earlier in 1987, Turkey had imposed martial law-like emergency rule in the southeast of the country and was gradually lifted by 2002. It had allowed officials to set curfews, issue search and arrest warrants and restrict gatherings as the security forces fought Kurdish rebels in the region.

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