Military Excercise Current Affairs - 2019
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The United States and Thailand are hosting the multi-nation Cobra military exercise this year. The exercise is taking place in the northern Thai province of Phitsanulok. 10000 personnel, 29 nations are taking part as participants or observers.
About Cobra Gold Exercise
- It is one of the Asia-Pacific region’s largest multinational military exercises that is held in Thailand every year.
- It was first held in 1982 and its headquarters is in Bangkok, Thailand.
- This is a Thai-American initiative with an aim to improve coordination between the armed forces.
- India joined this exercise for the first time in 2016 while China was admitted for the first time in 2015 but was only allowed to participate in humanitarian assistance training.
- This exercise improved coordination among the military in response to natural disaster. Some of the examples are the Indian Ocean tsunami 2004, 2011 Tōhoku tsunami, Typhoon Haiya etc.
- This year it is the 38th edition of this exercise and it will see active participation from Singapore, Japan, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia and South Korea, Thailand, and the United States.
- The exercise will include three components: military field training, humanitarian assistance, and disaster relief training.
- India is participating in this exercise with a 14 member contingent.
What is Phitsanulok?
It is the capital of Phitsanulok Province and is located in the north of Thailand is on the banks of the Nan river. It is one of the oldest cities of Thailand.
India and China concluded the ‘Hand-in-Hand’ military exercise on 22nd December 2018 in China’s Chengdu city. This was the 7th edition of the ‘Hand-in-Hand’ military exercise. The ‘Hand-in-Hand’ military exercise did not take place last year due to prevailing tensions between both sides after 73-day military standoff at Doklam
This year’s exercise, which began on 11th December, focused on urban terrorism in which Indian and Chinese armies conducted the drills while living and dining together to build up a sense of camaraderie. The exercise included live firing and demonstration of driving skills to rescue hostages held by terrorists in an urban environment. The previous edition of ‘Hand-in-Hand’ that was held in 2016 in Pune had focussed on counter-terrorism drills in non-urban areas.
The exercises and the concluding ceremony were live-streamed by China’s state-run TV channel CGTN highlighting their importance. The exercise seeks to improve the relations between the two countries drills keeping in spirit of this year’s Wuhan summit.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President of China Xi Jinping had held their first Informal Summit in Wuhan on April 27-28, 2018. The purpose of the meeting was to exchange views on overarching issues of bilateral and global importance and to elaborate their respective visions and priorities for national development in the context of current and future international situation.