Military Exercise Current Affairs - 2019

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Exercise Indra: Joint tri service Exercise between India and Russia

The Joint tri service exercise between India and Russia, INDRA 2019 is to be held between December 10-19, 2019 in Pune. The event is planned for 10 days between army, naval and air force forces of both the countries.

Highlights

The exercise is to be held in Pune and Goa simultaneously. Fighter aircrafts, company sized mechanized contingents and ships of respective armies are participating in the exercise. The forces are to be trained in tactical operation end drills like handling and neutralization of Improvised Explosive devices, arms smuggling prevention and anti-piracy measures.

The exercise will be followed by 72-hour validation exercise.

Background

The series of INDRA exercises between India and Russia began in 2003. However, the first joint tri service exercise began in 2017.

The defense relations between India and Russia are historic. However, close ties of Russia with China hurt India. Similarly, India’s 2+2 dialogue, LEMOA and COMCASA agreements with the USA bothers Russia. However, India is trying to balance its relations with both the countries. India went on to buy S-400 missiles from Russia in spite US’s insistence under CAATSA act.

SURYA KIRAN – XIV: Indo-Nepal joint military Exercise

The 2019 edition of Joint military exercise between India and Nepal called ‘SURYA KIRAN – XIV’, will be conducted at Salijhandi, Rupendehi district of Nepal from 3 to 16 December 2019. It is an annual event which is conducted alternatively in Nepal and India.

About Exercise SURYA KIRAN – XIV

This year exercise will comprise of 300 soldiers from both Indian and Nepal Army. Both countries would be sharing their experience in conduct of various counter insurgency and counter terrorism operations as also various humanitarian assistance missions by both Armies.

Objective: To conduct a Battalion level combined training between Armies of India and Nepal to increase interoperability in jungle warfare and counter terrorist operations in mountainous terrain, medical and environmental conservation, humanitarian assistance and disaster relief including aviation aspects.

Importance: In series of military training exercises undertaken by India with various countries, ‘SURYA KIRAN’ exercise with Nepal is an important exercise in terms of security challenges faced by both nations in realm of changing facets of global terrorism. This joint military exercise will enhance level of defence cooperation which will further fostering bilateral relations between two nations.