Military Exercises Current Affairs - 2020

Exercise Pitch Black Cancelled

The biennial warfare exercise hosted by Royal Australian Air Force was cancelled due to COVID-19 threats.

Exercise Pitch Black

The main aim of the exercise is to practice Defensive Counter Air combat and Offensive Counter Air Combat. The exercise is held in Northern Australia. The first pitch black exercise took place in June 1981.


In 1990, the exercise began its training including Singapore. Later on, slowly, it began to spread to other international forces.


In 2006, for the first time, more countries participated in the exercise. It included Thailand, Singapore, UK, US and Australia.


In 2008, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization also joined the exercise. The NATO was formed in 1949. It is an intergovernmental military alliance between 30 North American and European countries.


In 2010, New Zealand, Singapore and Thailand alone were the participants. The exercise was then held in 2012, 2014, 2016 and also in 2018.

India in the exercise

In 2018, India participated in the exercise for the first time. Around 131 aircraft were involved and more than 4,000 personnel participated in the exercise. This also included Canada, France, Australia, Germany, Netherlands, Indonesia, Thailand, US, Malaysia.


The bilateral and defence relations between India and Australia has gone up in the recent years. The countries jointly hold AUSINDEX, naval exercise with more than 1000 personnel participating in the exercise.

The countries are planning to sign Mutual Logistics Support Agreement that has been pending for a long time. The Maritime Domain Awareness agreement is also under discussion between the two countries.

Indra Dhanush Exercise 2020: India-UK joint Air Force Exercise held at Air Force Station Hindon

The 5th edition of the Exercise Indra Dhanush commenced on 24th February, 2020. It is a joint air force exercise between the Indian Air Force and the Royal Air Force of the United Kingdom.


The Exercise focused on “Base Defence and Force Protection”. Around 36 specialized combatants of the Royal Air Force participated in the exercise. From the Indian side, 42 combatants of Garud Commando Force participated in the exercise.

The Exercise was held in Hindon Air Force Station

Hindon Air Force Station

The Hindon Air Force Station operates under Western Air Command. It is the eighth largest air base in the world and the largest air base in Asia. It is located in Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh.

Garud Commando Force

The Garud Commando Force was formed in September 2004. The force is mainly tasked with the protection of air bases and installations, disaster relief, search and rescue operations during hostilities. They are currently deployed in Congo to fulfill United Nations Peace keeping operations.