Minimum Support Price Current Affairs - 2020

GoI increases Minimum Support Price of 14 Kharif crops

On June 1, 2020, the Union Cabinet approved hike of Minimum Support Price of 14 Kharif crops.

Highlights

The Minimum Support Price of Paddy has been increased by Rs 53 per quintal. The MSP of paddy has been fixed at Rs 1,868 per quintal for the year 2020-21. The rates of pulses, oil seeds and cereals have also been increased.

The MSP of cotton has been increased from Rs 5,255 per quintal to Rs 5,515 per quintal. The increase of MSP for other crops are as follows

  • Nigerseed-Rs 755
  • Sesamum-Rs 370
  • Soybean-Rs 170
  • Sunflower Seed-Rs 235
  • Groundnut-Rs 185
  • Urad-Rs 300
  • Moong-Rs 146
  • Tur-Rs 200
  • Maize-Rs 90
  • Ragi-Rs 145
  • Bajra-Rs 150
  • Jowar-Rs 70

The Cabinet approved the hike in prices of MSP based on the recommendation of Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices.

Also, the umbrella scheme Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay Saraks Han Abhiyan (PM-AASHA) will help in providing return to farmers.

PM-AASHA

The scheme consists of three sub-schemes namely Price Deficiency Payment Scheme, Price Support Scheme, Private Procurement and Stocklist Scheme.

Apart from this, the farmers are to be provided food security through PM-KISAN (Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi) scheme and also through Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan yojana.

23 additional Minor Forest Produce included in Minimum Support Price List

On May 29, 2020, the Ministry of Tribal Affairs announced that 23 additional Minor Forest Produce of Minimum Support Price has been included.

Highlights

Also, the minimum support price for the existing forest produce was reduced for 50 items. The increase in Minor Forest Produce is from 16% to 66%. In certain cases such as Giloe, the increase is in the range of 190%.

Minor Forest Produce

The Indian Forest Act, 1927 defines forest produce. However, the Minor Forest Produce got its definition only in 2007. Minor Forest Produce includes brushwood, bamboo, canes, honey, cocoon, tusser, roots, tuber, etc.

The Forest Rights Act was enacted in 2007. The act gives forest rights to live, cultivate, manage and regenerate.

Around 100 million people living around the forest area are dependent on the forests for their livelihood. The data was collected by the National Committee on Forest Rights Act. Therefore, it is certainly important to regulate minor forest produce and make sure the tribals make maximum out of it.