Ministry Health and Family Welfare Current Affairs - 2019

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Union Government launches IPV injection as part of global polio endgame strategy

The Union Government has launched inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) injection as part of the global polio endgame strategy in New Delhi.

The vaccine was launched by the Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare J P Nadda in New Delhi.

It was launched as part of India’s next step in Universal Immunization Programme (UIP) to fight against polio virus in the country.

IPV injections do not contain an attenuated vaccine virus which is used in oral polio vaccine (OPV). Thus it reduces the chances of Vaccine Derived Polio Virus (VDPV).

Key facts  

  • The launching of IPV would enable children to get double protection from polio i.e. orally and in the form of injection.
  • UIP initially will cover six states including Uttar Pardesh , Madhya Pardesh , Bihar, Assam, Punjab and Gujarat in the first phase.
  • By April 2016, Union Government would switch to IPV alongside the oral polio vaccine (OPV) to eradicate polio virus in the country.
  • Henceforth, as part of India’s efforts to boost its polio immunization programme babies getting their third dose of OPV now would be administered an injection with IPV.

It should be noted that India was certified polio-free country on 27 March 2014, but the immunization programme continues since two of its neighbours Afghanistan and Pakistan still remain polio-endemic countries.

About Polio virus

  • Poliomyelitis (polio) is a highly infectious viral disease, which mainly affects young children below age of 5.
  • Transmission: The virus is transmitted from person-to-person. It mainly spreads through the faecal-oral route (e.g. contaminated water or food). After entering body, it multiplies in the intestine, from where it can invade the nervous system and can cause paralysis.
  • Symptoms: Initial symptoms include fever, fatigue, headache, vomiting, stiffness in the neck, and pain in the limbs. In some cases, it causes permanent paralysis. There is no cure for polio virus, it can only be prevented by immunization.

Union Health Ministry releases National Health Profile 2015

Ministry Health and Family Welfare has released National Health Profile (NHP) 2015, which provides comprehensive information related to health sector.

The 11th edition of the document has been prepared by Central Bureau of Health Intelligence (CBHI) and for first time was released in e-book (digital) version in lines with Digital India initiative.

It was released by Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare J P Nadda in New Delhi.

Key facts

  • NHP focuses on key health information under six major indicators viz. demographic, socio-economic, health finance and health status indicators, comprehensive information on health infrastructure and human resources in health in India.
  • Demographic indicators: gives information about population statistics and vital statistics.
  • Socio-economic indicators: gives the information on education; Economic indicators, Employment, Social Indicators, Drinking Water and Sanitation and Housing and Amenities.
  • Health Status Indicators: gives information related to incidence and prevalence of common Communicable and Non-Communicable Diseases.
  • It also provides a short overview of National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardio-vascular Disease and Stroke (NPCDCS) and vital information of Reproductive and Child Health of respective states and UTs
  • Health Finance: gives an overview of Public Expenditure on Health, Health Coverage and Insurance, Household Out of Pocket Expenditure (OOP) on Health, Public Expenditure on Health with International Comparison, External Assistance to Government for Health Sector Programmes along with Explanatory notes on Health Data.
  • Human Resources: gives an overview of availability of human resource or manpower working in the Health Sector in the country.
  • Health Infrastructure: gives detailed information of various medical institutes in the country including of medical and dental Colleges, Nursing Courses, AYUSH Institutes and Paramedical Courses apart from admissions to BDS and MDS Courses.

It should be noted that CBHI has been publishing National Health Profile annually since 2005. Data in the NHP helps in deciding direction of future course, strengths and weaknesses in the health sector of the country.