Ministry of Agriculture Current Affairs - 2020

Rabi Crop Sowing increase by 36 lakh hectares

The Ministry of Agriculture on December 31, 2019, announced that the sowing area of rabi crops have increased by 36 lakh hectares. This is mainly due to improvement in soil moisture in Rabi growing states.

Highlights

The total area under Rabi crops was 536 hectares last year and this has increased to 571 hectares. Of these, wheat has been sown in 297 lakh hectares, rice has been sown in 14 lakh hectares, coarse cereals in 46 lakh hectares and oilseeds in 74 lakh hectares.

Rabi crops

The major Rabi crops in India are wheat, barley, sesame, peas, mustard. They are sown in winter between October and December and are harvested in summer between April and June. The major Rabi crop growing states in the country are UP, Uttarakhand, Punjab, Haryana, J&K and Himachal Pradesh.

The rabi crop cultivation becomes a success only when the availability of precipitation in winter months due to western disturbances are at right amount.

Other than India, Pakistan and Bangladesh are the other two countries in the world using the term Rabi and Kharif crops.

Release of Estimates

Annually, the agriculture ministry releases four estimates of agricultural crops. These estimates provide a detailed report on the sowing of crops in the country. The estimates are released in the months of September (when Kharif sowing is completed), February (after Rabi sowing is completed), April-May and in July-August.

BIMSTEC: International Seminar on Climate Smart Farming Systems held in New Delhi

A three day “International Seminar on Climate Smart Farming systems” is being held in New Delhi. It was inaugurated on December 11, 2019. The seminar is being organized by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.

Highlights

The seminar is attended by all the seven BIMSTEC countries. It includes Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh, India, Thailand and Myanmar. The seminar focuses on adopting technological interventions in small holding farming. It will also give attention to targets set by BIMSTEC countries in reducing emissions at those levels to mitigate agricultural situations.

The objective of the seminar is to enable improvement of tropical small holder farming system that are resilient to climate change and will provide greater productivity.

BIMSTEC

The seminar is being organized by Government of India as an initiative at the fourth BIMSTEC summit that was held at Katmandu in August 2019. As all the BIMSTEC countries are lying in adjacent areas of Bay of Bengal and have similar type of climate, the solutions provided at the seminar are suitable and more reliable for all the countries.

Climate Smart Agriculture

According to FAO, Climate Smart Agriculture is an approach that reorients agriculture towards food security in a changing climate. FAO also hosts Global Alliance for Climate-Smart Agriculture. It aims to improve nutrition, food security and resilience. The alliance has three aspirational outcomes namely improving farmers, building climate resilient farmers and reducing green house gases emitted due to agriculture.