Ministry of AYUSH Current Affairs - 2019

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Cabinet approves establishment of National Institute of Sowa Rigpa at Leh

The Union Cabinet has approved establishment of National Institute for Sowa-Rigpa (NISR) in Leh, Union Territory of Ladakh. It will be an autonomous National Institute under Union Ministry of AYUSH. It is mandated to undertake interdisciplinary education and research programmes in Sowa-Rigpa system of traditional medicine in collaboration with premier national and international Institutes and facilitate integration of different systems of medicine.

About National Institute of Sowa-Rigpa (NISR)

It will be apex Institute for Sowa-Rigpa in the country. It is aimed at bringing a valid and useful synergy between traditional wisdom of Sowa-Rigpa system of medicine and modern science, tools and technology.

Functions: It will help to promote interdisciplinary research & education of Sowa-Rigpa. It will facilitate quality education, quality control & standardization, scientific validation and safety evaluation of Sowa-Rigpa products, standardized Sowa-Rigpa based tertiary health delivery. It will identify best Sowa-Rigpa treatment ithin the framework of its traditional principle and possible co-relation with bio-molecular western medicine in providing health care facilities to the general public.

Benefits: It will provide an impetus for the revival of Sowa-Rigpa system of medicine in the Indian Sub-continent. It will also provide multitude opportunities to students of Sowa-Rigpa from India and also from other countries. It will establish synergy among existing Central Institute of Buddhist Studies, Leh, Union Territory of Ladakh and Sowa Rigpa Institutions – Central University of Tibetan Studies at Sarnath, Varanasi (UP) – which are under the administrative control of Union Ministry of Culture.

About Sowa-Rigpa

It commonly known as Tibetan system of medicine. It is also dubbed as Science of healing. It is one of the oldest, Living and well documented medical tradition of the world. It has been originated from Tibet and popularly practice in India, Nepal, Bhutan, China, Mongolia and Russia. In India, this system of traditional medicine is widely practice in Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Darjeeling (West Bengal), Dharamsala, Lahaul and Spiti (Himachal Pradesh) and Ladakh (UT).

Yuthog Yonten Gonpo is believed to be the father of Sowa Rigpa. He had composed rGyud-bZhi (four tantra) the fundamental text book of this medicine. rGyud-bZhi is based on indigenous medicine of Tibet enriched with Ayurveda, Chinese and Greek Medicine.

National Research Institute of Unani Medicine inaugurated

On November 3, 2019, the Union Minister of State (independent charge) for AYUSH inaugurated the National Research Institute of Unani Medicine for Skin Disorders. The institute was upgraded from Central Research Institute of Unani Medicine.

Significance

  • The concept of AYUSH was brought by the National Rural Health Mission, 2005 to revitalize local health traditions. AYUSH includes 6 Indian systems of medicine that includes Ayurveda, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy.
  • Under National Ayush Mission, several steps were taken to improve the field and to make the traditional medicine available all over the country. It also aims at solving the problem of unavailability of doctors in the country.
  • GoI is also planning to export the technical knowledge behind the industry to African and European countries. Recently it signed MoUs with Germany to fuse biotechnology with Ayurvedic Practices.
  • The concept of mainstreaming AYUSH was an idea in the 9th five year plan. By this the AYUSH doctors are co-located in various health facilities like Primary Health Centre, Community Health Centre and District hospitals

National Institutes

National Institutes or Central Institutes are established by Government of India and are supported by agencies like ICAR, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, CSIR, DST, DAE, Ministry of HRD, etc.